Army Ants Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson plan to help guide your instruction on the unique and interesting army ant. Students will read a text lesson to learn basic facts, then do an activity and play a game to deepen understanding. A quiz is included to test comprehension.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • describe characteristics of army ants
  • identify what army ants eat
  • explain the habitat of army ants


  • 1 hour for core lesson
  • 1 hour for the extension activity

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1

Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.2

Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.


  • Copies of the lesson Army Ants Lesson for Kids, one for each student
  • Audio, video, and/or accompanying lyrics for the song 'The Ants Go Marching
  • Egg cartons
  • Scissors
  • Pipe cleaners
  • Black and white paint
  • Paint brushes
  • Water

Key Vocabulary

  • Migrate
  • Carnivores
  • Bivouac

Warm-Up and Preparation

  • Get students ready for the lesson by playing the song 'The Ants Go Marching' and having students sing along. Add a movement element by allowing students to march around the room like ants and doing other components of the song.
  • After this activity, ask students to guess what they'll be learning about today, leading them to the idea of army ants.
  • Divide students into partner-pairs and have them sketch three circles in their notebooks to resemble the head, thorax, and abdomen of the army ant.
  • Have them label the head 'What I Know,' the thorax 'Questions,' and the abdomen 'Answers.'
  • Give students time to brainstorm what they know about army ants, then share together.
  • Now have students write three questions they have about army ants; share briefly.
  • Instruct students to fill in the 'Answers' section as they read.

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