Asian Countries & Capitals

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  • 0:04 Asia
  • 0:55 Central Asia & Eastern Asia
  • 2:01 Southern & South-Eastern Asia
  • 3:26 Western Asia
  • 4:22 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson will cover the many different countries and capitals of Asia as well as a few other points along the way. Asian countries are defined in this lesson via the UN classification scheme.


Asia is the world's largest continent and is found mainly within the Eastern and Western hemispheres. You probably can name a bunch of different countries found on this continent; especially famous ones such as India and China likely come to mind. However, there are many more that you may have never heard of.

As a result of that, this lesson won't have much room for discussion about them, but you'll learn a few interesting tidbits along the way. By the way, this lesson classifies nations as being a part of Asia based on the way the United Nations delineates this topic. As a result, a gigantic omission from Asia is the country of Russia, the largest country in the world, with Moscow as its capital. While much of Russia lies in what many regard as Asia, it's not listed as being part of this continent using the UN's classification scheme.

In the upcoming lists, all countries are listed after their capital.

Central Asia & Eastern Asia

Central Asia is a region that is easily remembered as being comprised of countries that end in ''-stan''. The suffix of ''-stan'' roughly refers to ''country''. All of these countries were part of the former Soviet Union before its dissolution in 1991. This part of Asia is composed of:

  • Astana, Kazakhstan
  • Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
  • Dushanbe, Tajikistan
  • Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
  • Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Eastern Asia includes some of the most technologically advanced and physically largest nations of Asia. It's home to China, which is the world's most populous nation and one of the largest in size, allowing it to have a large variety of geographical diversity. Other nations in the region such as Japan and South Korea have developed economies and export many goods to the United States. The region of Eastern Asia includes:

  • Beijing, China
  • Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)
  • Tokyo, Japan
  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Seoul, South Korea

This wall painting depicts two former leaders of North Korea
North Korea

Southern & South-Eastern Asia

Southern Asia includes nations that lie near the magnificent Himalayas, such as Nepal, home to some of the highest peaks on Earth. This region is home to India, which has the world's second largest population. This part of Asia also includes the large Indian subcontinent and some island nation states. Countries lying in this part of Asia are:

  • Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Thimphu, Bhutan
  • New Delhi, India
  • Tehran, Iran
  • Male, Maldives
  • Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Sri Lanka

Nepal is home to stunning beauty.

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