Assessment Strategies for Differentiated Instruction

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  • 0:04 Choosing the Right Tools
  • 1:13 Planning
  • 1:52 Differentiating Content
  • 3:00 Differentiating Process
  • 3:49 Differentiating Product
  • 5:26 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Allison Camps

Allison has taught in elementary school inclusion classrooms and has her master's degree in Special Education.

In this lesson, you'll learn the steps it takes to create a lesson that meets all students' needs. You'll also learn how to differentiate your instruction and assessment to meet a variety of learning styles.

Choosing the Right Tools

Imagine you are putting together a bike. You look in your tool box and find only a saw. You know that the saw is not going to help you screw in the nails or turn the bolts on the bike. You might get so frustrated that you give up on putting the bike together. Now imagine you open that same tool box. In the box, you find a screw driver and a wrench. You lay out all the pieces to the bike. You make a plan, and after some hard work, your bike is put together. You feel accomplished and confident.

Students, too, need the right tools to demonstrate their learning and feel confident. Let's say a teacher assigns the class to each write an original fairy tale in paragraph format. Some students get right to work, while other students seem to have trouble beginning the assignment. These students can't seem to find the correct tools to complete the task. Eventually, these students give up.

The teacher realizes that a single assessment tool does not work for every student. When the teacher reflects on the success of the lesson, she realizes that if she had provided various activities, she would have had a better gauge on the students' understanding of fairy tales.


As teachers, we want our students to feel confident and proud of their work. In order for this to occur, a teacher must differentiate, or provide multiple opportunities for learning. Learning styles are just like fingerprints: everyone has one, but everyone's is unique.

When planning a lesson, a teacher must take into account all students' learning styles.

There are four types of learners:

  1. Visual learners
  2. Auditory learners
  3. Read-and-write it learners
  4. Tactile or kinesthetic learners

Once there is a grasp on the various learning styles, a teacher can then differentiate the content, process, and product.

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