Auditory Processing Disorder & Autism

Instructor: Yolanda Williams

Yolanda has taught college Psychology and Ethics, and has a doctorate of philosophy in counselor education and supervision.

Did you know that 1 in 68 children has autism in the United States? In this lesson, you will learn the definitions of auditory processing disorder and autism spectrum disorders.

Mya is like many other six-year-olds. She likes to watch cartoons and color. Her favorite thing to do at school is to draw. But Mya's kindergarten teacher has also noticed that Mya is somewhat different than her peers. Mya is easily distracted at school, and her teacher often has to repeat instructions multiple times before Mya understands her. Mya is unable to follow along during story time, confuses similar sounds such as 'ch' and 'sh,' and has difficulty carrying on a conversation with her peers. Mya's teacher noticed that she performs better when the class is quiet. Mya also has difficulty communicating, and forming friendships with her classmates, and is uninterested in playing any games or with any toys except for a red toy car. Mya's teacher refers her for assessment, after which Mya is diagnosed with both autism and auditory processing disorder.

What is Autism

Autism or Autism spectrum disorder is a type of pervasive developmental disorder that is characterized by impairment in social interactions, communication skills, and behaviors that are repetitive.

There are five types of pervasive developmental disorders: Autism, Asperger
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Pervasive developmental disorders

  • trouble communicating both verbally and nonverbally, i.e. a person with autism may not give eye contact and may use the same phrase over and over in a conversation
  • learning to talk at a later age than their peers
  • repetitive movements, i.e. rocking back and forth or flapping one's hands repeatedly
  • inflexible routines
  • obsession with specific parts of objects, i.e. a button on a toy phone

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