Australian Landforms Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Suzanne Rose

Suzanne has taught all levels PK-graduate school and has a PhD in Instructional Systems Design. She currently teachers literacy courses to preservice and inservice teachers.

In this lesson, you'll take a trip to the continent of Australia to look at and learn about some very unique landforms. Read on to find out about the Bungle Bungle Range, Uluru, and other famous Australian landforms.

Amazing Australia

There are many beautiful and unusual landforms throughout the world. Landforms are natural (not man-made) features found on the surface of the Earth, such as reefs, canyons, mountains and peninsulas.

One place that you'll find many unique landforms is the continent of Australia. Let's take a trip to the ''Land Down Under'' and visit some of these sites.

Great Barrier Reef

What is the only living thing on Earth visible from outer space? Australia's Great Barrier Reef! Although we call it a ''reef,'' it's actually a collection of over 3,000 individual reef systems. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest reef on the planet. A reef is a ridge that is built up underwater. The Great Barrier Reef is made of coral, which are actually living animals.

Coral in the Great Barrier Reef

This amazing landform is the home of over 400 types of coral, 1,500 kinds of fish, 240 types of birds, and 4,000 different kinds of mollusks, which are saltwater animals that have no backbones and are protected by shells, such as snails and mussels. Some endangered animals, such as the dugong, or sea cow, and the large green turtle, also make the Great Barrier Reef their home.

Uluru and Mount Augustus

Australia is the home to some really huge and interesting rocks. Let's find out more about them.

Mount Augustus

At about 2,300 feet tall, Mount Augustus, also called Burringurrah, is the largest monocline in the world. A monocline is a layer of rock that was pushed up in one direction, and it's thought that Mount Augustus was created about 900 million years ago.

Mount Augustus


The largest monolith in the world, called Uluru, is also found in Australia. A monolith is a single block of stone that is very tall.

Uluru was formerly known as Ayer's Rock, but when it was returned to the Aboriginal peoples of Australia, its name was changed to Uluru. Because there's so much iron in the rock, it's a beautiful reddish-orange color.

Uluru was originally underwater, at the bottom of a sea, but is now mostly above ground. It's found in the Simpson Desert in Australia. This huge rock is almost 12,000 feet long and over 6,200 feet wide. That's longer than 40 football fields! The rock also continues down into the ground, but no one's sure how far down it goes. Uluru is so big that it would take you about 3.5 hours to walk around its base.

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