Autumn Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Autumn
  • 0:27 The Autumnal Equinox
  • 1:02 Plants
  • 1:21 Animals
  • 1:58 Harvests & Harvest Festivals
  • 2:43 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Debra Patuto

Debra has taught at elementary levels and has an M.ed with certification in elementary education and special education

Autumn is the season that is full of changes within nature. It is also a fun time of year when people around the world celebrate and give thanks. Let's take a look at all that autumn brings us.

Autumn

Red, yellow, orange and brown are the colors of the leaves before they fall to the ground. Autumn (sometimes called fall) is one of the four seasons of the year and is the time of year that transitions summer into winter. Along with the tree leaves changing color, the temperature grows colder, plants stop making food, animals prepare for the long months ahead, and the daylight starts growing shorter.

The Autumnal Equinox

The autumnal equinox occurs around September 23 each year. Why is this day important? On that day, the sun provides equal amounts of daylight time and night time. It tells us in the northern hemisphere (where the United States is located) that we are entering the season of autumn, and we will soon be losing daylight hours.

While the northern hemisphere experiences autumn, the southern hemisphere experiences spring. When the northern hemisphere experiences spring, the southern hemisphere experiences autumn. If you happen to live close the equator (the invisible line around the center of Earth), you will never see autumn because it stays warm all year long.

Plants

In the fall as the weather grows colder, many plants stop producing food. The short amount of sunlight makes the leaves begin to change to yellow, orange, and red colors before turning brown and falling off. The evergreen trees do not lose their leaves because they naturally produce a wax cover on their needles that protects them from freezing.

Animals

Depending on where you live, you will start to see animals begin to store food in their nests and dens, like squirrels who gather acorns before winter. Some animals, like bears, eat extra food to build up extra fat on their bodies, while others will grow warmer coats of fur to stay warm all winter. The animals will find a private, hidden place to stay safe, warm, and dry while they sleep through the cold months.

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