Baking Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Bethany Calderwood

Bethany has taught special education in grades PK-5 and has a master's degree in special education.

Baking is a practical and motivating activity that has excellent teaching potential. This baking lesson includes using text features to locate desired information, reading and synthesizing information, and practicing mental addition and subtraction.

Learning Objective

As a result of this lesson, the students will be able to:

  • use text features such as indexes and glossaries to locate a recipe that fits given criteria (i.e., using a specific ingredient or excluding a specific ingredient).
  • read a recipe and compile a list of needed ingredients and supplies.
  • follow a recipe to bake something.
  • use mental math to add and subtract single digit numbers while baking.


  • 1 to 2 hours

Curriculum Standards


Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.


Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.


Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies.2 By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers.

Vocabulary and Phrases

  • recipe
  • ingredients
  • index
  • glossary


  • Index cards containing baking criteria
  • A variety of cookbooks and cooking magazines
  • Recipe written on posterboard/chart paper or projected on a smartboard
  • Ingredients and baking supplies necessary to bake your chosen recipe

Lesson Instructions and Activities

  • Ask students the difference between cooking and baking. Then, allow them to brainstorm some of their favorite baked goods.

Search for Recipes

  • A baker often has specific criteria in mind. They may want to make something that uses a particular ingredient that they have a lot of (such as blueberries or bananas). They may want to make something that avoids an ingredient (such as wheat or milk).
  • Review the use of indexes and glossaries to find key terms in a piece of informational text. Introduce the idea that cookbooks are a type of informational text, and show students where to find the index in a cookbook.
  • Put the students in pairs. Give each pair an index listing a recipe criteria (such as a recipe using strawberries, a recipe with no chocolate, or muffins containing oatmeal). Pairs use cookbooks or cooking magazines to find a recipe that meets the criteria.

Make a List

  • This activity requires students to carefully read and apply the information they have found.
  • Share with the class a recipe written on chart paper/posterboard or projected on a smartboard. Show the class how to read the recipe and make a list of what is needed to complete the recipe. Include ingredients as well as cooking supplies. Point out keywords that give hints as to what is needed - i.e. if the instructions say to mix, you need a mixer; if the instructions say to measure you need measuring cups; etc.
  • In their pairs, students use the recipes they found and create a list of what they would need to bake that recipe.

A sample recipe using a waffle iron for heat.

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