Balanced Diet Lesson Plan

Instructor: Adrianne Baron

Adrianne has a master's degree in cancer biology and has taught high school and college biology.

Teaching your students about balanced diets and their importance can be enjoyable using this lesson plan. Your students will read a text lesson, engage in a discussion, and learn to create their own balanced diets.

Learning Objectives

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Define key terms associated with a balanced diet
  • Design balanced meal plans
  • Explain the proper amounts of each food type


1.5 - 2 hours

Curriculum Standards


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.


Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).



  • Start this lesson by having your students write down the meals they ate yesterday.
  • Ask your students what a balanced meal is. Discuss their answers.
  • Now ask your students if their meals were balanced. If they are not, ask them if they know how to make their meals more balanced. Discuss their answers.
  • Pass out the lesson, What is a Balanced Diet? - Definition, Plans & Examples, and read as a class, taking notes.
  • After the 'Nutrients in Our Diet' section, ask your students:
    • What is a balanced diet?
  • After the 'What is a Balanced Diet?' section, ask your students:
    • What is a calorie?
    • What is homeostasis?
    • How many calories should be consumed each day?
  • After the 'Carbohydrates - Fruits, Vegetables, and Grains' section, ask these questions:
    • What percentage of a meal should come from carbohydrates?
    • What are some examples of good carbohydrates?
    • What percentage should fruits and vegetables make up in a balanced meal?
  • After the 'Protein' section, ask these questions:
    • What percentage of your meal should come from protein?
    • What are some plant-based proteins?
  • After reading the section on 'Fat', ask these questions:
    • Why does your body need fat?
    • Which type of fats are better for you?
    • What percentage of calories should come from fat?
  • After the 'Omnivore Diet' section, ask:
    • Does Kari have a balanced diet?
    • What unhealthy food did Kari eat?
    • What food balanced out the unhealthy food?
  • After the 'Vegan Diet' section, ask:
    • Did Harleen eat a balanced diet?
    • What was the source for all of Harleen's food?
  • Read the 'Lesson Summary' and emphasize the definitions your students should have written down.

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