Banarse Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

Instructor: Elena Sacramento

Elena teaches Spanish as a foreign language and has a PhD in linguistics.

In this lesson we will analyze the Spanish verb ''bañarse'' ('to bathe'/'to swim'). We will learn how to use it in context in the present tense, give commands or make suggestions.

Introducing the Verb Bañarse

Do you normally have a shower or a bath? How often do you bathe? Have you ever swum in a lake? In order to answer these questions, talk about your routines or make suggestions in Spanish you will need to learn the verb bañarse ('to bathe'/'to swim').

This verb basically means 'to wash or cover your body with a liquid', so we can translate it as 'to bathe or wash in a bath', but also as 'to have a swim in the sea, a river or a lake'.

Present of Bañarse

Notice that bañarse is a pronominal verb. Pronominal verbs are those ending in -se in the infinitive, such as levantarse ('to get up') or ducharse ('to have a shower'). This means that we will need to add a reflexive pronoun to the verb depending on the person we are referring to when we conjugate them. These pronouns are: me / te / se / nos / os / se.

The verb bañarse is quite easy to conjugate in the present. Just take the stem bañ- and the endings following the regular pattern for verbs ending in -ar. And don't forget it is pronominal! You'll see the pronouns are in front of the verb.

VERB: bañarse (bah-NYAHR-seh) - to bathe

Subject Pronouns Bañarse Conjugation: Present Simple Pronunciation Translation
yo me baño meh BAH-nyoh I bathe
te bañas teh BAH-nyahs you bathe
él/ella/usted se baña seh BAH-nyah he/she bathes - you formal bathe
nosotros/nosotras nos bañamos nohs bah-NYAH-mohs we bathe
vosotros/vosotras os bañáis ohs bah-nee-IYS you all bathe
ellos/ellas/ustedes se bañan seh BAH-nyahn they/you all formal bathe

Using Bañarse in Context

Take a look at these examples. Where are the pronouns?

Beatriz and Teresa are talking about their routines and hobbies, while Teresa's children are playing around in the garden.

Beatriz: Normalmente me ducho antes de dormir. ('Normally, I have a shower before going to bed'.) Pero cuando quiero relajarme me baño tranquilamente con música y velas. ('But when I want to relax, I bathe calmly with music and candles'.)

Teresa: Sí, es la mejor terapia. ('Yes, that's the best therapy'.) Los niños siempre se bañan y juegan en la bañera. ('The kids always have a bath and play in the bathtub'.)

Translation = To bathe

One of Teresa's kids, Daniel, asks: ¿Y cuándo nos bañamos en el lago, Mamá? ('And when are we swimming in the lake, Mom?')

Imperative of Bañarse

Let's analyze its use in the imperative now. Notice that, if we give a command with a pronominal verb, the pronoun must be attached to the verbal form (instead of being in front of it as usual), so the result will be a single word instead of two separate ones. Compare, for instance, the present tense form te bañas with the command báñate.

VERB: bañarse (bah-NYAHR-seh) - to bathe

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