Basic Spanish Conversation Phrases

Instructor: Manuel Ruiz

Manuel has taught and written curriculums for several educational organizations for over 10 years and has a master's degree in Biology.

In this lesson, we will learn basic Spanish conversation phrases. We will begin by going through some formal and informal greetings in Spanish. Then, we will learn several formal and informal ways to say good bye. Finally, we will learn some miscellanies basic phrases and questions.

Conversational Phrases

Hola! (Hello). ¿Estas listo para aprender Espanol? (Are you ready to learn some Spanish?). In this lesson, we will go over some basic phrases that are commonly used in Spanish.

Greetings

Let's begin by looking at some common casual and formal greetings.

Casual Greetings

  • Hola! (Hello)
  • ¿Como estas? (How are you?)
  • ¿Como te va? (How's it going?)
  • ¿Que tal? (What's up?)
  • ¿Que pasa? (What's happening?)

Formal greetings

  • ¿Como esta usted? (How are you?)
  • Buenas tardes (Good evening, but also Good afternoon)
  • Buenos dias (Good morning)
  • Buenas noches (Good night)

Good Bye

Okay, now that we know some formal and informal ways to greet someone in Spanish, let's practice some ways to say good bye.

Informal

  • Nos vemos (See you later)
  • Hasta luego (later)
  • Adios (Bye)

Formal

  • Adios (Bye)
  • Que pase un buen dia (Have a nice day)
  • Hasta pronto (See you soon)

Example 1

Now, let's practice what we learned by paying attention to a conversation among two friends, Shirley and Erick.

Shirley: Hola (hello) Erick!
Erick: Hola (hello) Shirley! ¿Como estas? (How are you?)
Shirley: Bien, gracias. (Fine, thank you)
Erick: ¿Como esta tu familia? (How is your family?)
Shirley: Todos bien. (Everyone is well). ¿Y tu familia? (and your family)
Erick: Bien también (Fine as well).
Shirley: Que vas a hacer hoy, Erick? (What are you doing today?)
Erick: Nada (nothing). ¿Y tu? (and you?)
Shirley: Voy a estudiar un poco. ( I am going to study a little bit)
Erick:Bueno, me tengo que ir (well, I have to go). Nos vemos (see you later).
Shirley: Adios (bye).

Miscellaneous Phrases

Now let's look at some basic miscellaneous Spanish questions.

  • Tengo hambre (I am hungry)
  • Tengo sed (I am thirsty)
  • Estoy aburrido (I am bored)
  • Tengo sueno (I am sleepy)
  • Estoy cansado (I am tired)
  • Mi comida favorita es la pizza (My favorite food pizza)
  • Yo quiero ir al cine (I want to go to the movies)
  • Yo no quiero ir al cine (I don't want to go to the movies)
  • Tengo tarea (I have homework)
  • No tengo tarea (I don't have homework)
  • ¿Tienes tarea? (Do you have homework?)
  • No entiendo ( I don't understand)
  • Entiendo (I understand)
  • Entiendo un poco (I understand a little)

Example 2

Now let's practice again. This time we will be paying attention to a conversation that a family has during lunch.

Axel: mama, tengo hambre (mom, I am hungry)
Mom: Entiendo (I understand), I am serving the food already.
Clarice: mama, tengo sed (Mom, I am thirsty)
Mom: Clarice, sirvete (Clarice, serve yourself), I am busy getting the food ready, Sweetheart.
Dad: ¿Axel, tienes tarea? (Axel, do you have homework?)
Axel: Si, papa. (yes, dad)
Dad: ¿Y tu Clarice, tienes tarea? (And you Clarice, do you have homework?)
Clarice: No tengo tarea papa (I don't have homework dad)
Axel: Mom, what are we eating?
Mom: Quesadillas
Axel: Ah, I wanted pizza, mi comida favorite es la pizza (my favorite food is pizza)
Mom: Si Axel, lo se (Yes Axel, I know)
Well done! Hasta pronto (see you later).

Example 3

Now, let's do this last one! Let's look at a conversation between Franco and Cindy.

Franco: ¿Como estuvo tu dia, Cindy? (How was your day, Cindy?)
Cindy: no muy bien (not so well). Estoy bien cansada ( I am really tired).¿Y tu, Franco? (And you, Franco?). '¿'Como estuvo tu día (How was your day?).
Franco:
Yo tuve un buen día (I had a good day).
Cindy:
¿Tienes planes para este fin de semana? (Do you have plans for this weekend?).
Franco:
Si (Yes). Voy a ir al juego de Basquetbol (I am going to the Basketball game).
Cindy:
Que padre (Cool).
Franco:
¿Y tu, Cindy? (And you, Cindy?).
Cindy:
Yo voy ir a visitar a mi familia el Sabado (I am going to visit my family on Saturday), y el Domingo voy a ir al parque (and Sunday I am going to the park).
Franco:
y a la Iglesia (and to church on Sunday).

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