Basic Spanish Sentences in the Future

Instructor: Yolanda Reinoso Barzallo

Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.

In this lesson, we learn the formula we can follow every time we need to form a Spanish sentence in the simple future tense. The lesson includes references to both simple and compound sentences in which we use regular Spanish verbs.

What Is the Simple Future?

Let's meet Edward. He studies Spanish and is excited for a very good reason: Edward viajará a España el próximo año. (Edward will travel to Spain next year). This sentence is in the simple future tense, which in Spanish is el futuro simple. It is just like using 'will' in English. This is the tense we use to express future actions or situations that may or not happen.

Also, we use simple future tense to talk about suppositions or predictions, as in Supongo que Edward disfrutará mucho. (I suppose Edward will enjoy it a lot).

Simple Future Chart

Now, let's review how we form the simple future.

We have a great advantage with regular verbs in Spanish in the simple future. Whether the verbs end in -ar, -er, or -ir, we just have to remember the endings we should add. This chart gives you a quick overview of the endings. Just keep in mind that we do not drop the -ar, -er, or -ir at the end of verbs.

Model Verb Hablar (To speak)

Subject Ending We Add Verb in Simple Future
yo (I) é hablaré (I will speak)
(you informal/singular) ás hablarás (You will speak)
él, ella, usted (he, she, you formal/singular) á hablará (He, she, you will speak)
nosotros, nosotras (we masculine/feminine) emos hablaremos (We will speak)
vosotros, vosotras (you informal/plural masculine/feminine) éis hablaréis (You all will speak)
ellos, ellas, ustedes (they masculine/feminine, you formal/plural) án hablarán (They, you all will speak)

Let's apply this chart to a few examples. We'll use some other verbs so you can see that the endings are the same.

  • Edward hablará español muy bien algun día. (Edward will speak Spanish very well one day.)
  • Yo viajaré con Edward por España. (I will travel with Edward through Spain.) The verb is viajar (to travel).
  • Edward y yo comeremos los platos tradicionales de España. (Edward and I will eat the traditional dishes of Spain.) The verb is comer (to eat).
  • Mis amigos recibirán tarjetas postales desde España. (My friends will receive postcards from Spain.) The verb is recibir (to receive).
  • irás a España también. (You will go to Spain also.) The verb is ir (to go).
  • Vosotros veréis muchas fotos del viaje a España. (You -informal, plural- will see lots of pictures of the Spain trip.) The verb is ver (to see).

Translation: At the Park El Retiro in Madrid, tourists will appreciate a beautiful fountain.
sunnyday

Simple Sentences

Now, let's review how you can form your own sentences in the future tense.

The Spanish sentences we have seen so far in this lesson are simple sentences, or oraciones simples. Simple sentences have the basic structure of a subject, a verb, and a predicate. For example, here are two simple sentences with the verbs comprar (to buy) and visitar (to visit):

  • Edward comprará muchos recuerdos de España. (Edward will buy many souvenirs from Spain.) Our subject is 'Edward'. Our verb is comprará, and the predicate is muchos recuerdos de España.
  • Los turistas visitarán los principales museos de Madrid. (The tourists will visit the main museums in Madrid.) Our subject is los turistas. Our verb is visitarán, and the predicate is los principales museos de Madrid.

Can you now form your own simple sentences in the future tense? As a guide, use these questions: What will you do this weekend? Where will you and your family go?

Compound Sentences

Now, let's move on to compound sentences.

We can also form compound sentences in the future, which in Spanish are oraciones compuestas. Compound sentences have a connector word that joins two clauses. The clauses we have in a compound sentence can be dependent or independent. The connector words, or nexos (nexus) as we call them in Spanish, can be diverse, but the most common ones are:

  • y (and)
  • o (or)
  • pero (but)
  • sin embargo (however)
  • así que (so)

Let's look at some compound sentences:

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