Battle of Britain Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

The Battle of Britain was unlike many previous battles in history. Use this lesson plan to review the state of Europe immediately before the battle, highlight the major events of the battle, and have students reenact the event.

Lesson Objectives

At the end of this lesson, your students will be able to:

  • describe the events leading up to the Battle of Britain
  • detail the methods used by both sides of the Battle of Britain
  • reflect on the lives of the civilians affected by the Battle of Britain


  • 60 minutes


Key Vocabulary

  • Winston Churchill
  • Battle of Britain
  • Blitzkrieg
  • Dowding system
  • Force multiplication

Curriculum Standards


Evaluate authors' differing points of view on the same historical event or issue by assessing the authors' claims, reasoning, and evidence.


Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, as well as in words) in order to address a question or solve a problem.


Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources.

Prepare and Connect to Learning

  • Start this lesson by reviewing the status of Europe in June 1940. Hitler had just conquered France in six weeks and now turned to Britain.
  • Ask students to imagine that they were citizens of Britain and discuss how it may have felt to live there.
    • What may they have done to keep safe?
    • What plans may the military have been making to ensure safety?
  • Label the board 'The Battle of Britain' and have students copy into their notebooks.
  • Preview vocabulary.


  • Distribute the lesson Battle of Britain: Definition, Facts & Summary and ask students to read the lesson and take notes silently.
  • Divide the class into two groups. One group will represent the Germans and the other, the British. Ensure that the ratio is historically accurate to how the Germans outnumbered the British (4:3).
  • Tell the class they will be reenacting the Battle of Britain. They should use resources as available and creative solutions as needed.
  • Have each group revisit the lesson to reexamine their country's tactics used in the Battle of Britain.
  • Provide sheets of paper to each group to make paper airplanes.
  • Tell students they can rearrange furniture to create the English Channel.
  • Walk around as the students 'battle it out,' amending the game for accuracy as needed.
  • When Britain wins, discuss with students their observations and how the game differed from real life. How was it, with all the odds stacked against them, that the British won?
  • Give students the quiz.

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