Bearded Dragon Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Kristina Washington-Morris

Kristina has taught a variety of elementary classes and has a master's degree in elementary education.

Many people think of dragons as scary, but there is a kind that's adored and kept as pets--the bearded dragon. This lesson explores bearded dragons, where they live, what they eat, and their life cycles.

What Is a Bearded Dragon?

Have you ever read a fantasy story about a dragon and thought how much fun it could be to have a fire-breathing, flying lizard as a pet? Well, it is possible to have your own dragon--bearded dragons are kept as pets in many parts of the world! However, bearded dragons don't breathe fire and they can't fly. Let's learn what this lizard can do and take a closer look into the life of the bearded dragon.

A bearded dragon expands its dewlap.
bearded dragon dewlap

Bearded dragons are small reptiles. These spiky-scaled lizards can grow to be nearly 2 feet long. They are generally light brown to golden red in color, and they blend in well with rocky, desert environments. Bearded dragons have triangle-shaped heads, short and strong legs, and long tails. Their bodies are rather flat, and if threatened, bearded dragons can get very low to the ground to hide and protect itself.

This animal gets its name from its dewlap, or special flap of skin that hangs from its neck and looks like a little beard. The bearded dragon can expand its dewlap to communicate with or frighten other animals. When it expands, the dewlap changes color as well--it can turn dark brown or almost black to make the bearded dragon seem larger.

Habitat and Eating Habits

Bearded dragons can be found all over the continent of Australia. Since they're reptiles, they prefer hot, desert locations.

Bearded dragons live in the hot desert.
bearded dragon

Living in the desert often means it's hard to find food, and for that reason, bearded dragons will eat just about anything. These animals are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and meat. The bearded dragon eats mostly insects in addition to greens, small rodents and even other lizard. Whenever a bearded dragon comes across food, it eats as much as it can--in fact, it has a very large stomach that expands to hold more food.

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