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Benefits of Selection-Type & Supply-Type Assessments

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  • 0:00 Selection & Supply Responses
  • 1:00 Benefits of Selection Response
  • 3:21 Benefits of Supply Response
  • 6:17 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jessica Whittemore

Jessica has taught junior high history and college seminar courses. She has a master's degree in education.

This lesson will discuss the benefits of selection type and supply type assessments. It will also define objectives test, as well as formative and summative assessment.

Selection & Supply Responses

As an educator, I've taught classes of seven students, and I've taught classes of 75. In my classes of seven, I've enjoyed assessing my students through things like presentations, discussions, and debates. For these small groups it's been feasible to use supply response assessments, or assessments which require students to supply or construct their own responses and answers.

However, in my classes of 75, I've often steered away from this type of assessment. Yes, listening to student presentations is a great way to assess their mastery of content, but fitting 75 presentations into the short time we have together just isn't all that feasible. Instead, I have employed selection response assessments for my large groups, things like multiple choice test in which students select a response from provided alternatives.

In today's lesson, we'll take a look at these two assessment types and explore the benefits that come with each.

Benefits of Selection Response

Let's start with the benefits of selection response assessments. As just stated, these are assessments in which students select a response from provided alternatives. Very familiar to most of us, multiple choice, matching, and true or false questions are all examples of selection response assessments. They're made up of concrete questions with specific answers. They're cut and dry. For this reason, selection response assessments are often referred to as objective tests, or tests which allow for an unbiased, set scoring systems. One answer is right, all others are wrong.

Although selection response assessments have come under increased scrutiny in the past few years, they do offer some benefits. First, and as already mentioned, they are objectively scored. They leave no room for teacher bias or preference. No matter how much you like little Suzie, you can't give her credit for filling in the France bubble when asked who America fought in the Revolutionary War. Conversely, you can't give the trouble-making Johnny a big red X when he answers Great Britain. Answers are either right or wrong, and scores reflect this reality.

Second, selection response assessments allow for timely assessment of large populations and material. As mentioned in my opening statement, watching student presentations is great when you have a handful of students, but doing it when you have 50 or more is rather time prohibitive. On the other hand, response assessments are not. They can be distributed, taken, and graded post-haste. Talk about efficient!

Adding to their practicality, selection response assessments can cover large amounts of material. For this reason, many educators use response assessments when seeking summative assessment. Summative assessment is designed to evaluate learning at the end of a distinct instructional time frame. For instance, a unit multiple choice test on the Greek Empire could include questions ranging from politics to philosophy. It could quiz on Greek rulers to Greek playwrights.

Lastly, for today's selection response list, they can be used to ensure foundation material has been mastered. For instance, before a chemistry teacher begins dolling out test tubes and chemicals, he needs to make sure his students know the symbols of the elements. After all, confusing something like sodium hydride with sodium chloride could be rather disastrous. In such a case, a matching test on the periodic table just might prudently fit the bill.

Benefits of Supply Response

Now, onto supply response assessments. Again, these assessment tools require students to supply or construct their own responses and answers. For this reason, supply response assessments are also referred to as constructed response assessments.

Rather than filling in a bubble or choosing true or false, students must demonstrate mastery or understanding by supplying the evaluator with something. Whether it be a short answer or an hour long presentation, they must construct their own product or answer. No, this doesn't require scantron bubbles, but it's still assessment.

The benefits of supply response assessment are many. For this reason, we'll just hit on the main ones.

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