Biography of Mahatma Gandhi: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Who Was Ghandi?
  • 0:30 Gandhi's Early Life
  • 1:24 Gandhi's Civil Rights Work
  • 2:39 Gandhi's Legacy
  • 2:57 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Sarah Meers

Sarah has taught elementary education for 10 years and has a master's degree in Education Leadership.

Learn about a civil rights leader who changed a nation by using peaceful protests to gain equal rights for the people of India. See how Mahatma Gandhi, better known as Gandhi, dedicated his life to improving the life of others.

Who Was Gandhi?

Have you ever been treated unfairly? What did you do about it? When Gandhi and other Indian citizens were treated unfairly, he didn't just sit back and take it. He used peaceful protests to make a change. Let's take a closer look at Mahatma Gandhi, who was a revolutionary leader in India. We'll examine his life, his place in Indian history, and how he managed to lead a peaceful revolution against the British Empire in the mid-20th century and make his own country free.

Gandhi's Early Life

In 1869, Mahatma Gandhi was born in India into a wealthy family. His parents arranged for him to be married at the young age of 13. At the age of 19, Gandhi followed his parents' wishes and went to college in England to study law.

After graduating with his law degree, Gandhi eventually became a lawyer in South Africa. This path led this unforgettable man to become one of the most celebrated civil rights leaders in history.

While in South Africa, Gandhi experienced prejudice firsthand. Prejudice is when you're treated unfairly because you're seen as different. South African people, who were mostly white, treated Indians differently because they had darker skin. The South Africans thought they were better than the Indians. Gandhi didn't think this was all that fair.

When Gandhi returned home, he realized Indians were not only treated differently in South Africa, but were also treated differently in India. This was when he decided to do something about this injustice.

Gandhi's Civil Rights Work

Gandhi dedicated his life to fight for equal treatment of Indians through the use of peaceful disobedience campaigns. This means that Gandhi and his followers would refuse to follow certain laws and rules the government made. By using these types of protest, Gandhi was able to change the rules in India that impacted poverty, women's rights, and religious freedom. Although he was successful in changing some laws, Gandhi did have consequences for his actions. He was arrested many times for his protests.

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