Biome Activities for High School

Instructor: Adrianne Baron

Adrianne has taught high school and college biology and has a master's degree in cancer biology.

Are you teaching your middle school or high school students about the different types of biomes that exist? The activities presented here will help your students learn all about biomes in a fun and engaging way.

Why Activities on Biomes

Every area that has living organisms of any sort are considered to be biomes. While they have that in common, there are some very specific differences between types of biomes. This can be a lot to learn and retain unless activities are used to help explain the topics and concepts associated with biomes. The activities below are designed to help your students gain an understanding of biomes.

Biome in a Box


  • Plastic shoe box
  • Water
  • Dirt
  • Plastic animals and plants
  • Play-Doh
  • Ice
  • Popsicle sticks
  • Printer paper

The Biome in a Box activity should take about an hour and a half to two hours to complete. Put your students into groups of three to four. Tell your students that they are going to create a biome in a box using the materials at the front of the room. Explain to your students that they need to start by selecting a type of biome to demonstrate in a box. Your students should make use of the materials to make every aspect of their biome to include the environment, animals, and plants.

The groups need to write short summary explaining the different parts of the biome. The groups should present their biomes to the class by telling what is in the biome and reading their summary. The class should then guess which biome they are presenting.

Biome Change Experts


  • Computers with internet access
  • Paper
  • Pens

The Biome Change Expert activity allows your students to act as an expert on a given biome. Allow about an hour and a half for this activity and have your students work in pairs. Start by assigning a specific biome to each pair of students. Tell your students to use the computers to learn more about the biome and the parts are of the biome. Explain to your students that they need to also come up with a change that occurs in their biome that causes changes in the rest of the biome. For instance, drought in the rainforest or melting ice. They need to determine what changes this would cause in the biome, including the effects on animals, plants, terrain, availability of water and food for each species in the biome.

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