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Biome Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Instructor: Jeremy Cook

I have been teaching elementary school for 16 years. I have extensive experience in lesson and curriculum development and educational technology.

Have you ever been to a hot, dry desert? How about a tropical rainforest? These are biomes. This lesson will teach you the basics of the Earth's major biomes.

What Are Biomes?

Did you know that the Earth is divided into natural areas called biomes? A biome has its own unique ecosystem, which includes its climate, geography, and the plants and animals that live there. Earth has many different types of unique biomes, but they fall into two main categories: land and aquatic biomes. Let's explore!

Land Biomes

Arctic Tundra

Let's start in the coldest reaches of the globe. The biome called the Arctic tundra is treeless, cold and contains very little wildlife. The ground is frozen all year round--it's called permafrost, as in permanent frost. The Arctic tundra is found near the poles of the planet, where the Earth is furthest from the sun.

The Arctic tundra is a vast world of frozen ground and sparse plant life
Tundra

Taiga

The taiga is a biome full of coniferous trees called pine trees. Coniferous trees have needles instead of leaves, and they grow upward in the shape of triangles. They are often found in the cold climates and mountainous areas of Northern Russia and Northern Canada. There is more wildlife than in the tundra (bears are common here!), but the winters are very harsh.

Temperate Forest

The temperate forest biome is found in cool to warm climates. It has a combination of coniferous and deciduous trees with lots of wildlife. Deciduous trees have leaves that turn colors and fall off in the cold seasons. Temperate forests are common in the eastern United States and Europe.

Temperate forests have trees that lose their leaves in autumn.
Forest Biome

Tropical Rainforest

Tropical rainforest is the most diverse biome on the planet, and it has an abundance and variety of plant and animal life. Rainforests are found in hot climates around the Equator and feature lots of rain and moisture. Examples include the Amazon rainforest in South America and the Congo rainforest in Central Africa.

Grasslands

The grasslands are huge areas of grassy land with little or no tall trees. There is very little rain there, which is why larger trees cannot survive. Herding animals often roam the grasslands, chomping on the grass as they move along. The Midwest of the United States has some very large grassland biomes.

The major biomes of North America. As you can see, grasslands can be found throughout the Midwest United States.
US Biome Map

Savanna

The savanna biome is similar to the grasslands, except that there are more scattered, tall trees. It also has a distinct wet and dry season with seasonal migration of animals. The savanna of Central Africa is an example of this biome.

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