Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
- define taxonomy, order and species
- summarize the process of bird classification
- list examples of different orders and species of birds
60 to 90 minutes
Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.
Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories).
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.
- Assorted photographs of different species of birds
- Paper copies of the text lesson Bird Species & Orders: Names & Numbers, one for each student
- A worksheet created using the quiz from the associated text lesson, one for each pair of students
- Assorted fact sheets (including image, characteristics, order and species) about different species of birds
- Unlined index cards
- Begin by displaying the photographs of the different species of birds for the class.
- What do the animals in the photographs have in common?
- How are they different?
- Can anyone name any of the birds? If so, what did you use to identify that specific species?
- How many different species of birds do you think there are?
- Pass out the copies of the Bird Species & Orders: Names & Numbers text lesson.
- Instruct the class to read the introduction and 'Classification System' section of the text lesson.
- Are you surprised to hear that there are close to 10,000 different types of birds?
- What does a taxonomist do?
- How are orders and species different?
- Have the class read the 'Bird Orders' section of the text lesson at this time.
- Could any of the birds in the photographs belong to the Anseriformes order? Why or why not?
- How about the Falconiformes order?
- Do you think any of the birds featured in the photographs are included in the Strigiformes order? Why or why not?
- Are any of the birds in the photographs Passeriformes? Why or why not?
- Have the class read the remainder of the text lesson before continuing.
- Why do the bird names we commonly hear sound different from the scientific names?
- What types of characteristics contribute to the diversity that exists in the bird species?
- Review critical points from the text lesson with the class, allowing students to ask and answer any questions they may have.
- Have students pair up and then pass out the worksheet, one for each pair of students.
- Have students complete the worksheet.
- When each pair has completed the worksheet, have them swap papers with another pair to compare answers.
- Review each question and answer with the class as students follow along checking their work.
- Ask the students to return to their pairs.
- Give each pair several bird fact sheets.
- Tell the pairs to work together using the fact sheets and index cards to create bird flashcards. Each flashcard should have an image of the bird on the front, and critical facts about the bird on the back.
- When each pair has completed a flashcard for each of their fact sheets, have them use the flashcards to quiz each other on the different types of birds.
- After the pairs have had a few minutes to quiz one another on the bird flashcards they created, have them swap flashcards with another pair and repeat the process of quizzing one another. Repeat this swap and quiz process until all pairs have seen and practiced with all of the flashcards that were created in class.
- Collect the flashcards from the pairs.
- Use the flashcards to quiz the class on the different types of birds studies in the activity.
- Invite an ornithologist to speak to the class about birds.
- Encourage students to practice bird-watching for a week, logging the different types of birds they see.
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