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Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley in 1982 Video

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  • 0:00 What Was the IDEA and the EHA?
  • 1:04 Who Was Amy Rowley?
  • 2:02 What Was the Case Itself?
  • 2:36 What Was the…
  • 3:16 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

The Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District versus Rowley case of 1982 challenged the way special needs students are treated in the classroom. This lesson will examine the case and will end with a brief quiz to test what you have learned.

What Was the IDEA and the EHA?

Do you know anyone with a disability? Depending on their unique needs, individuals with disabilities may need special accommodations. Accommodations are devices or methods used to meet the needs of those with disabilities. These may include devices such as hearing aids for the hard of hearing or books in braille for the visually impaired.

Accommodations are an important aspect of educating students with disabilities and, by law, must be provided by schools at no charge to the student. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 (IDEA) is a revised version of the original Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (EHA), which mandated that special needs students are entitled to receive a free and appropriate education. In other words, accommodations must be provided in schools depending on the unique needs of the student.

Now that we understand the laws surrounding the education of special needs students, let's take a closer look at a case that challenged these laws.

Who Was Amy Rowley?

Amy Rowley was a hard of hearing child who attended kindergarten at a public school in New York. Before she started school though, her parents, who were also hard of hearing, met with school administrators to create a plan for Amy's education. They agreed that a sign language interpreter would be provided to help Amy succeed in class. Sign language uses hand movements as a form of speech or to translate verbal speech for hard of hearing people.

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