Border Collie Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Ashley Smith

Ashley has taught elementary school and has a Master's Degree in Elementary Education.

Is a Border Collie the right breed of dog for you? This lesson explores the characteristics, history, and temperament of Border Collies. Learn about this interesting breed and then decide if it's the right breed for you.


Imagine that you're responsible for getting a bunch of sheep together and moving them from one place to another, all the while going up, around, and over hills. That would be difficult, wouldn't it? In an attempt to reduce the workload, farmers specifically bred Border Collies to herd sheep in the hilly border land known as Northumberland, located between Scotland and England. At the end of the 19th century, Border Collies gained popularity when the winner of a large dog competition happened to be a Border Collie named ''Old Hemp.''

Border Collies were bred to herd sheep.

Border Collie Physical Characteristics

Would you like a really smart dog with a lot of energy who is also good at sports? If you answered yes, then the Border Collie might be a good dog breed for you. They're considered to be medium in size. The female Border Collie grows to be 27-42 pounds, while the males grow to be 30-45 pounds. They have a medium length coat of fur that comes in an array of colors. The most common colors are white and black. They can have brown eyes, blue eyes, and in some cases they may even have one brown eye and one blue eye!

Border Collies are typically black and white.


Understanding a dog's temperament, or its attitude toward other animals and people, is very important for anyone looking to add a furry family member. Border Collies are friendly companions. However, they need a lot of attention and exercise. Left alone, they're known to develop separation anxiety and get into all kinds of trouble. Because of their herding nature, Border Collies often like to boss around and herd other, smaller animals.

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