Branches of Government Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Heidi Marble

Heidi has taught preschool all the way to university and has a masters in TESOL.

Through this lesson plan, students will review the three branches of government. They will also apply their knowledge on the branches of government by doing fun activities.

Learning Objectives

Student will be able to:

  • identify the branches of government
  • compile facts about the branches of government into a poster
  • analyze the branches of government by answering questions in a essay format


60-90 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Review the key ideas expressed and explain their own ideas and understanding in light of the discussion.


Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.


  • Red, white and blue construction paper
  • Poster board
  • Lined paper


  • Read and review Branches of Government: Lesson for Kids as a class.
  • Give each student a piece of red, white and blue construction paper. (This can be a quarter of a sheet to a full sheet.) Each color will represent a branch of the government:
    • Red = Executive branch
    • Blue = Legislative branch
    • White = Judicial branch
  • Ask the students the following review questions. To answer, each individual student should hold up the paper corresponding to the correct branch of government. If the answer is more than one branch, the student should hold up more than one color.

Review Questions

  1. Which branch determines if laws are constitutional? (Correct answer: Judicial branch/white)
  2. Which branch has more power? (Correct answer: none)
  3. Which branch is in charge of making sure the laws are carried out? (Correct answer: Executive branch/red)
  4. The president is the leader of which branch of government? (Correct answer: Executive branch/red)
  5. Which branch makes the laws? (Correct answer: Legislative branch/blue)
  6. Which branch of government do the House of Representatives and the Senate lead? (Correct answer: Legislative branch/blue)
  7. Which branch of government is made up of the Supreme Court? (Correct answer: Judicial branch/white)

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