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Brave New World Cloning Process

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

In 'Brave New World' by Aldous Huxley, mass production is admired. In this lesson, we will learn about the mass production of human beings in the novel.

The Hatchery

In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, the idea of mass production introduced by Henry Ford becomes the basis for the World State. Pregnancy is considered disgraceful so a specialized cloning process is developed. In this lesson, we will take a close look at the cloning process employed in the novel by visiting the 'Fertilizing Room' of the 'Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre' where 'Community, Identity, Stability' is developed and promoted.

mass production of babies
babies

Fertilizing the Ova

Ovaries are surgically removed from 'volunteers' in exchange for six months' salary and the feeling of having contributed to the common good. Keeping the removed ovaries in good condition requires much effort and 'consideration of optimum temperature, salinity, viscosity.' Ova (eggs) must be kept at blood temperature of 37 degrees, while male gametes (sperm) must be kept at 35 degrees to prevent sterilization.

Ripened eggs are 'inspected for abnormalities, counted and transferred to a porous receptacle.' Acceptable eggs are dipped into 'free-swimming spermatozoa (sperm) -at a minimum concentration of one hundred thousand per cubic centimeter.' After ten minutes, they are checked for fertilization. Unfertilized eggs are dipped for another ten minutes for as many times as it takes to become fertilized. Fertilized eggs go to the incubators where Alphas and Betas, as members of the higher classes, stay until they are bottled. Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons will be removed after a day and a half to go through Bokanovsky's Process of cloning.

Bokanovsky's Process.

Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons are sent through an X-ray machine that arrests their development for eight minutes at a time. Some of the eggs die during the process, but most will divide into two to eight buds. After being incubated for two days, they are chilled, which results in multiplication by two to eight more buds. The buds are then doused with alcohol, which again makes them multiply. 'By which time the original egg was in a fair way to becoming anything from eight to ninety- six embryos…' 'And in exceptional cases we can make one ovary yield us over fifteen thousand adult individuals.'

Once ready for bottling, the fertilized eggs are placed in larger, lined test tubes for labeling, where they are identified and moved on to the 'Social Predestination Room.'

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