Brave New World Government: Structure & Analysis

Instructor: Kaitlin Oglesby

Kaitlin has a BA in political science and extensive experience working in the business world as Director of Marketing and Business Development at a financial advice firm.

In Aldous Huxley's dystopian novel, Brave New World, the World State, or the government in the novel, oversees people in society, dictating what people do, how they think, and even what intelligence they possess!

The World State

In the world of Brave New World, the World State has finally been established as a way to make sure that society is happy and stable. After centuries of human history showed the disadvantages of instability, the World State sought to change all of that. While the book only partially focuses on the actual makeup of the government that runs the World State, we can still figure out a great deal about the goings-on of the government that has finally established its motto of Community, Identity, Stability in the world, even if it is through the eyes of those in charge of the World State itself.

Brave New World cover
Brave New World cover

The Goal of the World State

That motto of Community, Identity, and Stability actually speaks well to how the World State governs itself. It's pretty clear why the government would have an interest in stability, but why those other two? In order to assure stability, the World State has completely redefined the ideas of community and identity. Community is no longer based on the idea of neighbors or families, but instead what each person within the culture can provide towards the happiness of everyone else. Sex is important here, but also is the fact that everyone should be content with his or her assigned job and the responsibilities that are a part of it.

Likewise, identity now exists within the structure of the state. The state has established a number of castes, and it is within those castes that each person finds his or her identity. Within the structure of each caste is an entire system devoted to making sure that all citizens are happy being their assigned selves, even though they now lack individuality.

The World Controllers

We know that the World State is itself divided into ten regions, Western Europe being one of those. Each of those regions is ruled by a World Controller whose job it is to ensure stability throughout his or her jurisdiction. The World Controller for Western Europe is Mustapha Mond.

However, ensuring stability has shocking ramifications. The society of Brave New World is largely made happy through consumerism, drugs, and sex. The World Controller's job is to make sure that nothing threatens that balance. As a result, optimal supplies of soma are guaranteed and the access of individuals to sex is carefully manipulated. Remember that soma is the recreational drug that cures all bad moods without any hangover or other side effects. However, the most shocking for a society that seems to be so advanced technologically is that much research is stymied. Only that research that leads to increased consumerism is permitted to become public, while anything that makes production more efficient is filed away forever.

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