Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.
Off to Brazil!
Imagine a country that has thick jungles and rainforests, amazing wild animals, and a huge party once a year! No, it's not a dream, it's Brazil!
Brazil is the largest country located on the continent of South America, and its capital city is Brasilia. Other large famous cities include Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Many South American countries border Brazil, including Venezuela, Bolivia, and Peru. One of the world's most beautiful waterfalls, Iguazu Falls, can be located at the border of Brazil and Argentina.
The earliest civilizations in Brazil emerged around 9,000 BCE Thousands of years later, in 1500 AD, explorers landed in Brazil and claimed the land in the name of Portugal.
Explorers loved Brazil for good reason. Coffee grows easily in Brazil and gold was discovered there! In 1822, an independent empire was created and this lasted until 1889. Brazil is now a republic with an elected president.
Rainforests and Wildlife
Brazil has lots of different kinds of land, including mountain ranges along the Brazilian highlands and coastal areas with low-lying swamps and lagoons. However, one of the most famous areas in Brazil is located in the northern part of the country.
In the north, one of the largest parts of the Amazon rainforest can be found. This area has millions of species of plants and animals, many that cannot be found anywhere else on Earth.
Sadly, much of the rainforest was destroyed when developers cleared the land to gather wood and create farmland. People got quite upset over the destruction and in the 1990s, the Brazilian government began creating laws to protect the rainforest.
One of the biggest celebrations in the world happens in Brazil every year! Carnival is a four-day party that happens before the Christian observation of Lent, which is a serious time that Christians spend in preparation for Easter. The celebration of Carnival is a chance to let loose before the praying begins.
Carnival festivities include parades, dancing, and lively music. Different groups have competitions for the most elaborate parade floats. Some people spend almost the entire year preparing for Carnival!
Brazil's culture has many influences. Today's Brazilian culture is a mix of native Indian people, Africans who came to the country as slaves, and Portuguese who settled the area.
Portuguese is the most commonly spoken language in the country. If you travel to Brazil, try the national dish of feijoada completa, which is a recipe of different types of meat and black beans.
Brazilians love the arts! One of the most popular dances is the lively samba. Many visual artists and musicians have come from Brazil, and a famous opera house can be found in Rio de Janeiro.
Brazil is a South American country known for its production of coffee, the Amazon rainforest in the northern part of the country, and its celebration of Carnival each year. The ancient civilization of native people that lived there long ago were colonized by explorers from Portugal, though the country is a republic now. Its capital is named Brasilia but other large cities include Rio Janerio and São Paulo.
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