Canadian Government Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 The Canadian Government
  • 0:37 National/Federal Government
  • 1:38 Getting a Law Approved
  • 1:58 Provincial Government
  • 2:27 Municipal Government
  • 2:57 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Debra Patuto

Debra has taught at elementary levels and has an M.ed with certification in elementary education and special education

This lesson teaches you about the Canadian government. We'll take a peek at the different levels of government and learn about the responsibilities at each level.

The Canadian Government

England and Canada have a lot of things in common. Did you know that Canada is still, to this day, controlled by England? The government structure in Canada is very similar to the government in England, and yes, even Her Majesty the Queen is at the very top of decision-making. She's a very busy woman! Let's take a close-up look at the Canadian government.

The Canadian government has three different levels:

  • The national level contains the federal government
  • The province consists of provincial governments
  • The city level is made up of municipal governments

National/Federal Government

The federal government in Canada is responsible for things such as making laws and making sure that the laws are being enforced throughout the entire country of Canada. It also deals with the military, people becoming citizens or immigrating to the country, and the trading of goods such as food, clothing, and medicine.

There are three parts within the federal government. We'll start at the top.

  • Queen Elizabeth II is Canada's formal Head of State. She has the final say in all things having to do with the country of Canada. How is she able to get all of her work done? She has a helper, the Governor General, with whom she works very closely each day. The Governor General reports to her and carries out all of the day-to-day duties for her.
  • The upper chamber is led by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister chooses great leaders, who are called senators, to become a part of the Senate. The senators vote on whether or not laws should be approved.
  • The House of Commons is where proposals for possible new Canadian laws are written. Members of the House of Commons are elected by the people.

Getting a Law Approved

Guess who gets the final say in whether or not a law gets approved? The Queen! Both the Senate and the House of Commons consider and review bills that are proposals for possible new laws. No law can be accepted until the Senate and House of Commons agree. They also need to get approval from the Governor General, who gets the final approval by the Queen.

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