Carbohydrates Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

If you're discussing nutrition, this lesson plan explores the different types of carbohydrates, benefits, and drawbacks. Students will watch a video, participate in discussion questions, complete an activity, and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson students will be able to:

  • define carbohydrates.
  • explain the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates.
  • discuss the benefits of simple carbohydrates and disadvantages of complex carbohydrates.


60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1.a

Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1.b

Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplying the most relevant evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audience's knowledge level, concerns, values, and possible biases.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.6

Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.



  • Prior to this lesson, ask students to track their carbohydrates over a weekend, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday.
  • Tell them they can use online or smartphone app food trackers.
  • Begin this lesson by asking students to discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of carbohydrates.
  • Then tell them that this lesson explores carbohydrates in detail.
  • Distribute the Simple & Complex Carbohydrates: Dietary Needs lesson, start the video, pause at 01:54, then start the following discussion:
    • Define nutrients.
    • Based on the oil example the author uses to explain nutrients, create another similar example.
    • Describe the purpose of calories.
  • Now restart the video, pause at 03:58, then pose the following:
    • What are carbohydrates?
    • Identify the three types of carbohydrates and give an example of each.
    • Which types of carbohydrates are converted into glucose?
  • Next, restart the video, play until the end, then ask these questions:
    • Discuss the reasons complex carbohydrates are beneficial.
    • Describe why simple carbohydrates should be eaten in moderation.
    • Explain the benefits of fiber.
    • Is there a recommended daily intake of carbohydrates? Explain.
    • Consuming more simple carbohydrates than complex carbohydrates can cause health problems? Explain.
  • Now, show the lesson quiz and asks students to write down the answer, then review.

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