Careers in the Sciences: Typical Courses & Degrees

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  • 0:01 Types of Science
  • 1:01 Careers in Science
  • 4:11 Science Major Coursework
  • 5:40 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Maria Airth

Maria has a Doctorate of Education and over 20 years of experience teaching psychology and math related courses at the university level.

Natural sciences use the scientific method to investigate concepts and ideas. This lesson will review the many types of career options and coursework a student of science can expect.

Types of Science

Hi, and welcome to this lesson on science careers and major coursework. This lesson will focus on natural sciences, which is a hard science. This does not mean that it is difficult but that the sciences involved use empirical data and the scientific method in their investigations. The contrast to hard science is soft science, which can be found in the humanities field of study. Soft sciences use social research methods that are not as stringent as the scientific method.

The first question you might ask yourself is 'What can I do with a degree in science?' The answer is truly another question: What do you want to do? Science is in just about every field available, so you can really follow your own desires to work with science in a multitude of fields. Let's check out some of the careers in science.

Careers in Science

Do you have a passion for animals? There's a science for that! You could become a veterinarian, zoologist, a marine biologist, breeder, or a livestock scientist.

Have you always thought it would be great to be able to catch the bad guy? There's a science for that! You could join the police force and enter the forensics department.

Are you environmentally conscious? There's a science for that!

Consider any of these science-based careers designed to help and understand the environment we live in: environmental scientist, Earth and space sciences, geology, geochemistry, geophysics, or seismology.

Maybe you've always wanted to help mankind? Yup, there are lots of sciences for that! You could be a doctor, biologist, microbiologist, bioengineer, geneticist, or any other medical field professional.

Is food your passion? There are sciences for that, as well. You could be an agricultural scientist, a nutritionist, a plant scientist, or even an enologist. Enology is the science of making wine! How cool is that?

Okay, maybe you have a fun side and would rather work in a circus, carnival, or an amusement park. You guessed it - there's even a science for that! It takes a lot of physics to design the rides and games in such a way as to be safe and ensure the business does not lose too much money. Tons of science goes into making the amusement parks and carnival and circus games.

If you don't think any of that is interesting because you have always dreamed of being on TV in your own show… Well, there's even a science for that, too!

TV shows like MythBusters have become very popular. The people in these shows use real science by conducting real experimentation to test concepts of everyday myths. There are also science programs for children, such as Bill Nye the Science Guy and Backyard Science. The popularity of these shows, and the rise of Internet webisodes, indicate that if you were to follow a degree in science and pair it with theater or acting, you could possibly end up in a scientific acting career.

You may even notice the current trend of nerds and science-people in popular culture. With such an upswing in science moving into mainstream society, there is a need for writers and consultants for books, movies, and even TV shows, like The Big Bang Theory.

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