Caribbean Ethnic Groups Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Teach your students about ethnic groups found in the Caribbean with this lesson plan. Students will read our anchor text lesson to learn about ethnic identities found in the Caribbean, examining each population with discussion questions. Follow up with a quiz and activity.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define 'ethnic group' and 'ethnic identity'
  • explain and describe the ethnic groups found in the Caribbean


1 - 1.5 hours


  • Copies of the lesson Caribbean Ethnic Groups, one for each student
  • Maps of the Caribbean
  • Poster board, chart paper or newsprint
  • Markers

Key Vocabulary

  • Caribbean
  • Amerindians
  • Carib - Arawik/Taino
  • French
  • Dutch
  • Spanish
  • African
  • Haiti
  • Asian

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.3

Identify key steps in a text's description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are raised or lowered).

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.7

Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.


  • Connect students to the topic by displaying or distributing copies of the maps of the Caribbean and having students identify geographical aspects such as landforms, rivers, cities, etc. Discuss location in relation to the United States and other relevant areas your students have studied.
  • Now tell students that they will be learning about the people who live in this area. Allow them to hypothesize about the ethnic identity of those who live in the Caribbean and give reasons for their thoughts.
  • Distribute copies of the lesson Caribbean Ethnic Groups and read the first untitled section and the section 'Ethnic Identity' together.
  • Ask:
    • What is meant by 'ethnic identity' and 'ethic groups?'
    • What makes this area so ethnically diverse?
    • Why do you think people in this area take their ethnic identity seriously?
  • Label the board 'Ethnic Groups of the Caribbean' and create a five-column chart.
  • Label columns 'Amerindian,' 'European,' 'African,' 'Asian,' and 'Mixed.'
  • Instruct students to copy the chart in their notebooks, then read these sections and take notes as they read.
  • When students are finished, ask students to verbally relate some of the notes they took, writing key points on the board. Fill in as needed on the board for students to check and modify their own work.
  • Guide students as they label specific regions on their maps with the names of ethnic groups.
  • Discuss:
    • What happened to the majority of the Caribbean's Amerindian population?
    • Why are many people now identifying with their Amerindian ancestry?
    • What is the largest European ethnic group in the Caribbean?
    • How did African and Asian people come to live in the Caribbean?
  • Read the 'Lesson Summary' together with students and take the lesson's quiz to check understanding.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account