Caribou Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

What are caribou? What do they eat? Where do they live? How do they grow? This lesson will answer all of these questions and teach you lots of interesting facts about caribou!

What are Caribou?

You're at the grocery store with your family and your dad picks up a bag of coffee called Caribou Coffee. It has a cool looking animal on the bag that looks like a reindeer. You ask your dad about it and he tells you that the animal is called a caribou, and the coffee company is named after it. You start wondering about caribou. What are they? What do they look like? Keep reading to learn lots of facts about these cool animals!

Both male and female caribou have antlers.
caribou

Caribou are mammals. This means that they have hair, are warm-blooded, and give birth to live babies. Caribou have thick brown and white fur that helps keep them warm in cold weather. Caribou are known for the large antlers, or big bones, on their heads. Both male and female caribou have antlers! Caribou also have big feet with flat hooves, or hard foot coverings. Caribou weigh about 500 pounds, which is bigger than a piano! In size, they range from 5-10 feet long and about 3-5 feet tall (at the shoulder.)

What Do Caribou Eat?

Caribou are herbivores. This means that they only eat plants. Caribou like to eat berries, mushrooms, leaves, and grass. Because they live in cold places, their food is buried under lots of snow in the winter! They use their big feet to help them dig through the deep snow. Their hooves act like scoops and help them scoop out food from underneath all the snow. An adult caribou eats about 12 pounds of food each day! That is like eating 48 quarter pound burgers from McDonald's in one day!

Where Do Caribou Live?

Caribou live together in a group called a herd.
caribou

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