Carl Jung: Biography & Quotes

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson introduces you to Carl Jung, who was a famous psychologist who is considered the founder of analytical psychology. You'll learn some of his biographical information and some quotes commonly attributed to him.

Carl Jung

Superman and Batman: Michelangelo and da Vinci: Jung and Freud. The preceding pairs are two people who defined their field, but this lesson isn't about all of them or their comparisons. It is about one particular person, that of Carl Gustav Jung, the founder of analytical psychology.

Let's go over his biography as well as some quotes of his along the way, like this one you may be able to relate to if you're not looking forward to reading this lesson: 'Man needs difficulties; they are necessary for health.' See? This lesson is healthy!

Early & Personal Life

Carl Jung was born on July 26th, 1875 in Switzerland to a Protestant clergyman. It's said that as a child Jung was a lonely, quiet, and observant child. It is perhaps as a result of this that he likely spent a great deal of time analyzing the adults around him. Perhaps his childhood experience is reflected in this passage:

'In the child, consciousness rises out of the depths of unconscious psychic life, at first like separate islands, which gradually unite to form a 'continent,' a continuous landmass of consciousness. Progressive mental development means, in effect, extension of consciousness.'

As he grew older, Jung was expected to follow in his father's footsteps and become a clergyman. However, he went on to study at the University of Basel instead. Here, Jung immersed himself in a wide variety of sciences including biology, archaeology, and paleontology. He also had a deep passion for philosophy and the history of religion. In the end, he settled on medicine. He graduated from the University of Basel in 1900, after which he attended the University of Zurich. Here he was fortunate enough to be an assistant to a very prominent psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler.

Thanks to his observations and studies while getting his medical degree, Jung coined the term 'complex'. He used this term to describe conditions where certain words would cause strange and illogical emotional responses from patients. Responses that Jung believed represented subconscious connections with disagreeable, immoral, or sexual content.

In 1902 Jung earned his M.D. in Zurich. The next year, Jung married Emma Rauschenbach and they moved together to their permanent residence on the shores of Lake Zurich. They had five children and remained married until her death in 1955. One can only wonder what Emma would've thought when Jung said 'A particularly beautiful woman is a source of terror. As a rule, a beautiful woman is a terrible disappointment.'

Career

Thanks to Jung's early work, he came into association with none other than Sigmund Freud. The two men actually worked together for about 5 years. Many people believed that Jung would succeed and continue Freud's work. However, things changed after a while. Numerous differences in viewpoints and temperament ended their relationship. Namely, Jung did not agree with Freud that sexuality was the cornerstone of neurosis.

As a result of his split from Freud, Freud used his influence to shut Jung out of the psychoanalytic community. You'd think this would greatly irritate Jung but Jung was undaunted. Maybe that's why he said 'Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves'.

Instead, he did some soul searching and went on to work on differentiating people based on attitude, that of extroverted and introverted. That being said, he mentioned that 'There is no such thing as a pure introvert or extrovert. Such a person would be in the lunatic asylum.'

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