# Change Of Base Formula: Logarithms & Proof

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Transformations in Math: Definition & Graph

### You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
• 0:03 Logarithms
• 0:51 The Change of Base Formula
• 3:29 Proof
• 4:31 Lesson Summary
Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed

#### Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jennifer Beddoe
Logarithmic expressions are frequently written with a base that can not be simplified easily. When this happens, you can use the change of base formula to change the base to something that can be worked with. This lesson will show you how to do that, and give some examples followed by a quiz.

## Logarithms

Let's start with a basic review of logarithms. The logarithm (log) of a number is the exponent a fixed number must be raised to in order to equal a given number. In mathematical terms:

Where b is the base, a is the set number, and c is the given number.

For example,

Log functions are important in many areas of science, business, and engineering. For example, the Richter scale that measures the intensity of earthquakes is a logarithmic scale. The growth of bacteria is measured using log functions. And stock brokers can use log functions to predict the growth of a stock portfolio.

## The Change of Base Formula

Often, logarithmic equations are written with a base that cannot be easily calculated. Scientific calculators are designed to calculate logs that have a base of ten. Solutions to logs with other bases can be found using charts, or simple calculations. Some are easy, like in the example above. The base is 3, and the problem is asking 'to what exponent must 3 be raised in order to equal 9?' And of course, the answer is 2. Others can be more difficult, like the following:

When converted to exponential forms, this equation becomes 7^x = 13.This problem is impossible to do without looking through a myriad of tables or guessing a thousand (or more) times until you got close.

The easiest way to solve a problem like this is to use the change of base formula. It will allow you to convert the base of any logarithm to something more usable. Most often, you will use it to convert the base to 10, since this is what your calculator uses. The change of base formula is as follows:

To use this to solve the example problem, we can plug in the numbers to get this equation:

Since the logs are now to the base 10, you can use your calculator to solve.

1.1134/0.845 = x
x = 1.318
Which means that 7^1.318 = 13

As with many problems in mathematics, there is a way to check your answer. Just perform the exponent calculation that results from finding the log, and if you get the correct answer, your problem is correct.

For this example, if you plug 7^1.318 into your calculator, you should get 13 - or a number very close, that easily rounds to 13.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.

### Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

#### See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

##### Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com

### Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

### Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!

Support