Chaparral Biome: Definition & Locations

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Climax Community: Definition & Example

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:00 Definition of a…
  • 0:39 Locations of Chaparral Biomes
  • 2:24 Plants and Animals in…
  • 2:49 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Derrick Arrington

Derrick has taught biology and chemistry at both the high school and college level. He has a master's degree in science education.

Our world is composed of numerous biomes. In this lesson, we will take a closer look at the chaparral biome to gain an understanding of what makes up this dynamic and unique part of our planet.

Definition of a Chaparral Biome

A biome is a naturally occurring community of plants and wildlife that occupy a particular habitat. Chaparral biomes are composed of a variety of different types of terrain including plains, rocky hills, and mountain slopes.

The climate of the chaparral biome can be characterized as hot and dry in the summer, with temperatures steadily reaching 105 degrees Fahrenheit, and mild in the winter, with temperatures remaining at around 50 degrees Fahrenheit. These conditions make the chaparral very susceptible to droughts and wildfires as the biome normally receives only 10-15 inches of rain per year.

Locations of Chaparral Biomes

The chaparral biome is found in small sections of most continents, including the West coast of the United States, the West coast of South America, the Cape Town area of South Africa, the Western tip of Australia and the coastal areas of the Mediterranean.

In the United States, the chaparral biome can be found in the Santa Barbara area of California. The Los Padres National Forest and Channel Islands National Parks are areas found near Santa Barbara that have been set aside to preserve the Chaparral biomes and to allow the public to explore them.

The rocky coastal areas of Chile in South America are considered to be a chaparral biome. They are inhabited by Chilean deer as well as other small mammals who have adapted to live in the dry hot climate composed mostly of scrub bushes.

A great portion of southern South Africa is chaparral biome. It is home to many unique plants found nowhere else in the world - such as the Protea plant - that have adapted to live in the dry, arid climate that is frequented by wildfires.

If you close your eyes and envision the wild Australian outback, you may see a rocky semi-mountainous region dotted with small bushes and several species of grasses. This is a classic example of a chaparral biome. One unique inhabitant of the chaparral biome in Australia is the great gray kangaroo. It has evolved to successfully live by feeding on the small shrubs and grasses that grow there.

Coastal areas along the Mediterranean are also considered chaparral biomes. These arid areas are mostly composed of rocky mountainsides that are sparsely populated with shrubs and grasses as well as small mammals that are suited to live in the area. In this part of the world the biome is often referred to as the Mediterranean scrub.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account