Chihuahua Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

Chihuahuas are a popular, small breed of dog. This lesson will teach you about Chihuahuas, how big they get, what their personality is like, how they got their name, and some other neat facts about this tiny dog.

What are Chihuahuas?

You have probably seen people out on a nice day walking dogs of all different sizes, shapes, and colors. You may have even noticed a particularly small, unique one at the end of one of those leashes. This tiny dog has large, pointy, bat-like ears, and large, dark eyes. The dog you were watching is a Chihuahua!


Chihuahuas (pronounced chih-WAH-wahs) are the smallest of all dog breeds and they have tiny, delicate bodies, big ears, and rounded heads. Their tail is usually held high and arched over their back. Chihuahuas typically weigh around 4 to 6 pounds, which is less than a 12-pack of soda!

Chihuahuas can have a long, silky coat of fur that needs brushing now and then, or a smooth coat that doesn't need as much care. Their fur even comes in 9 different colors including black, red, tan, and chocolate.

Tan Chihuahua with its tail arched over its back
Tan Chihuahua with its tail arched over its back

Chihuahuas are in the toy group of dogs, which has the smallest dog breeds. Most of the tiny dogs in this group were bred to be spoiled lap dogs that kept their owners company and looked pretty.

Where did Chihuahuas Come From?

Records about dogs that were probably ancestors of the Chihuahua go back to before the 1530s in what is now Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. Christopher Columbus even sent a letter to the King of Spain that talked about the dogs he found there, and he may have had something to do with their entrance into Europe.

People think that a dog, which originally came from China, was later bred with those early dogs in Mexico. The result was the Chihuahua that we know today, though it wasn't called that at the time.

Chihuahuas became really popular in Mexico in the late 1800s and were eventually named for the Mexican state of Chihuahua. They were soon brought into the United States and are now one of the top 30 most popular kinds of dogs in the US today.

The Chihuahua Personality

Although they are tiny, Chihuahuas have a huge personality! They often act like they think they're a much bigger dog even though they are only about 6 to 10 inches tall. That is less than the length of a ruler!

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