What is an IQ score? What do these scores mean? What role does creativity play in a child's development? Explore these concepts with this lesson and test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
What Is an IQ Score?
Tommy is five years old and will be ready to start school in the fall. His parents want to make sure Tommy receives the most appropriate education. How will they begin? One place that Tommy's parents can start is by finding out Tommy's IQ.
IQ is short for intelligence quotient. It is a score that is derived from a standardized test designed to assess intelligence. To understand what an IQ score is, it is first important to understand that IQ test questions are not about the knowledge a child has gained. IQ tests measure thinking skills, or the ability to solve a problem. They usually also factor in the amount of time it takes to solve a problem, with faster times equating to higher scores.
A variety of different IQ tests exist. Two of the most common are the Stanford-Binet and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. The resulting IQ scores from these tests are based on a ratio of the child's test score compared to the score that is expected for children of their age. This score is then multiplied by 100 to obtain the child's IQ.
A final IQ of 100 would be the middle of the normal range. Half of all children will fall into the normal range with a score between 90 and 110. Twenty-five percent will have lower than normal IQ scores and 25% will have higher than normal IQ scores.
Importance of IQ Scores
So why is an IQ score important? To answer this question, we need to understand why IQ tests were invented in the first place. The first successful IQ test was developed by Alfred Binet in 1904. The purpose of his test was to help identify children who would need special education services at an earlier age, so that intervention could begin as soon as the child started formal education. The test was used as an identification tool to discover who needed additional assistance to learn.
Let's use Tommy as an example again. Imagine that Tommy took an IQ test and received a score of 75. This score would place him in a lower than average range for IQ scores. This doesn't mean that Tommy cannot learn, but that he may need extra support to reach his full potential. This information can help Tommy's parents decide if he needs additional support in school or if additional testing is needed to investigate for a specific learning disability. Without the information provided by his IQ score, Tommy could enter school with no knowledge of a potential learning disability and could become frustrated.
Now imagine Tommy's IQ score is found to be 135. This would place him in a category of high intelligence. What impact would this have? Today, IQ scores can be used to not only identify weaknesses, but also strengths. If a child is found to have an IQ score that is significantly higher than average, he may need a more stimulating educational environment. Knowing this can help prevent a highly intelligent child from becoming bored or frustrated with school and underperforming.
IQ scores can help determine a child's intellectual level and are a good starting point. Once a parent knows their child's IQ level, they can take steps necessary to investigate a lower than average IQ score or to act upon a higher than average IQ score.
What Is Creativity?
IQ alone does not determine a child's potential. Another aspect to consider is a child's level of creativity. Creativity is difficult to define, but we could think of it as original thinking or the ability to approach a problem in a unique way.
Can creativity be measured like intelligence? The answer to this question is yes. One example is the Torrance Test developed by E. Paul Torrance in the 1950s. Torrance derived a number of different ways to test for creativity with his research on creative kids who were misunderstood and mistakenly labeled as troublemakers because they did not fit into a structured school environment.
When we think of creativity, most of us will envision something like creative writing, art or music. However, a child can be creative in many ways - even in areas that we don't normally associate with creativity, such as math. This means that there is much more to consider in fostering a child's creativity than providing them with art supplies and piano lessons. Children who exhibit creative traits are often considered to be gifted, and will learn quickly when they're presented with a learning environment that nurtures their creative tendency by allowing them to think outside the box to solve problems.
An IQ is a score that is derived from a standardized test designed to assess intelligence. IQ scores are typically based on a ratio of the child's test score compared to the score that is expected for children of their age. This score is then multiplied by 100 to obtain the child's IQ.
IQ scores are a good starting point for determining a child's intellectual level. If you are aware of a child's intellectual level, steps can be taken to investigate a lower than average IQ score or to act upon a higher than average IQ score. This can help a child be successful and receive the best possible education.
Another aspect to consider in regard to a child's potential is their level of creativity. Creativity could be considered original thinking or the ability to approach a problem in a unique or a new way. Like IQ, there are also tests that can measure creativity.
Gifted children often exhibit creative traits. A creative child will learn more quickly in an environment that nurtures their creative tendency by allowing them to think outside the box to solve problems.
When this lesson is done, you might be able to:
- Know what an I.Q. score indicates
- Name some of the major related tests
- Understand the importance of I.Q. testing
- Relay details about creativity tests and their use