Sharon has an Masters of Science in Mathematics and a Masters in Education
After this lesson, students will be able to:
- identify and describe types of Chinese music
- name characteristics of Chinese music
- describe Chinese instruments and their role in Chinese music
1 - 1.5 hours
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
- Copies of the lesson Chinese Music: Instruments & Styles, one for each student
- Copies of the quiz, one for each student
- Audio samples of Chinese music and instruments from this lesson
- Images of Chinese instruments listed in this lesson
- Bulletin board or wall space
- Index cards
- Chinese music
- Chinese opera
- Chinese orchestra
Warm-Up and Preparation
- Play an audio sample of Chinese music as students listen. As the music plays, ask students to record their thoughts, ideas, feelings and reactions.
- Now divide students into small groups to share their ideas.
- Discuss as a whole group:
- What did you notice about the music?
- What instruments do you think you heard?
- How is this music like and unlike the music you listen to?
- What genre do you think this music is?
- Explain that they listened to Chinese music. Preview vocabulary and allow students to share any prior knowledge on the subject.
- Distribute the lesson Chinese Music: Instruments & Styles and have student volunteers read the first section 'Many Kinds of Chinese Music' aloud as classmates follow along.
- Play samples of traditional, opera and orchestra Chinese music at the appropriate time during the lesson.
- Make a three-column chart on the board and write 'Traditional,' 'Opera' and 'Orchestra' as column headers.
- Work with students to write characteristics of each type of Chinese music in the correct column, then compare and contrast together. How are these types of music similar? How are they different?
- Now have student volunteers read 'Chinese Musical Instruments' as classmates follow along.
- Make a chart on the board listing each instrument and writing characteristics. How are these instruments alike? How are they different?
- Show images of each instrument and play a single sample, if possible, for students to hear the sounds these instruments make.
- Which instrument do you like most? Why?
- Which type of Chinese music do you like most? Why?
- Read the 'Lesson Summary' and answer any questions.
- Have students take the quiz.
- Divide students into partner pairs and assign each a Chinese musical instrument.
- Provide cardboard, markers, paper, glue and scissors and instruct the students to make a model of their instrument.
- Distribute two index cards to each pairing and instruct them to write about their instrument on one card and about how the instrument is used on the other.
- Play Chinese music as students work for inspiration.
- While students are working, create a bulletin board titled 'Chinese Music.'
- Hang student work on the board along with explanation cards. Invite other classes to read and leave comments or questions.
- Make the bulletin board interactive by having students write questions on their cards and leave paper, pencils and a box for visiting students to answer. Reveal all answers at a school gathering or over announcements.
- Teach about the Chinese New Year and its music.
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