Chocolate Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Carrin Hahn

Carrin taught 3rd grade for ten years, worked as a learning specialist with K-5 students, and has a Master's degree in Elementary Education.

This lesson is going to be sweet! The core lesson is Chocolate Facts: Lessons for Kids. This lesson plan builds on the core lesson by reviewing the process of making chocolate, allowing for some time to make chocolate, and ending with tastings of the three kinds of chocolate.

Learning Objective

After completing this lesson, the students will be able to:

  • Identify the steps involved in making chocolate.
  • Identify the ingredients used to make chocolate
  • Discuss different uses for chocolate or cocoa beans or cocoa powder.
  • Make chocolate.
  • Compare three different kinds of chocolates.


45-75 minutes, plus some time ahead of time to find a chocolate recipe

Curriculum Standards


Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.


Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.


  • Cacao Beans
  • Winnowing
  • Conching
  • Process
  • Equator


  • World map or globe
  • Raw cacao beans
  • Blindfolds - enough for half the students to use at a time
  • Ingredients for making chocolate, depending upon the recipe you choose
  • Paper plates or napkins
  • Paper and pencil
  • Enough samples for all students of dark chocolate, milk chocolate, and white chocolate

Lesson Instructions

  • Take a quick survey: raise your hand if you like chocolate! Ask a few students to explain why. Find out from where they think chocolate comes.
  • Go over the lesson Chocolate Facts: Lesson for Kids
  • Show students on a map the hot and humid areas around the equator from where the cacao beans come.
  • Pass out the beans for the students to touch and smell.
  • Discussion questions:
    • Review the process of making chocolate. Eight steps are mentioned in the lesson. How many can the students recall? What happens first? Second? Third? Last?
    • What would happen if the cacao beans aren't dried?
    • When are milk and sugar added?
    • What makes the bitter beans into sweet candy?
    • What is winnowing? Why is it important?
    • What is conching? Why is it important?
  • This is a good time to give the students the Chocolate Facts Quiz to check for understanding.


1. Students will have the opportunity to make their own chocolate. Since most students know what today's chocolate tastes like, you could choose to find a recipe for chocolate or hot chocolate as the Aztec or Maya made it. This way the students would have something to which they can compare their favorite candy bar. (There are websites that show pictures of the way these two groups made chocolate that could be interesting for the students to see.)

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