Chronic Disease Lesson Plan

Instructor: Adrianne Baron

Adrianne has a master's degree in cancer biology and has taught high school and college biology.

Your students will become familiar with chronic diseases through this lesson. They will read and discuss a text lesson with you and then complete a short research project on a chronic disease that they will present to the class.

Lesson Objectives

At the completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Define and give examples of chronic diseases
  • Explain the impact of chronic diseases on the human population

Length

2 - 2.5 hours

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.1

Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.7

Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem.

Materials

Instruction

  • Begin by asking your students to explain what 'chronic' means. Once you get an accurate answer, ask them what they think is meant by 'chronic disease.'
  • Next, pass out the copies of the Impact of Chronic Diseases on Human Populations text lesson.
  • Read this lesson as a class and discuss its contents section by section.
  • Have a student start off by reading the 'What Are Chronic Diseases?' section. Afterwards, ask your students:
    • What are chronic diseases?
    • What are some examples of chronic diseases?
  • Get a few students to read the first 3 paragraphs in the 'Cancer' section and then ask:
    • What is a mutation?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is the relationship between mutations and cancer?
  • Have a few more students read the remaining paragraphs of the 'Cancer' section and then ask:
    • How did cancer get its name?
    • What habit can cause lung cancer?
    • What is prophylactic surgery?
  • A few different students should now read the 'Diabetes' section. Ask these questions after the reading:
    • What is type 1 diabetes?
    • What is type 2 diabetes?
    • How much does diabetes cost the health care system?
  • Read the 'Lesson Summary' section to your students and be sure they understand the vocabulary words in bold.

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