# Chunking Method: Definition & Examples

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• 0:25 What is Chunking?
• 1:15 Everyday Examples of Chunking
• 2:25 Remembering Letters
• 4:10 Lesson Summary

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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Chris Clause
Following completion of this lesson, you will be able to define the term chunking in the context of short-term memory. After reading this lesson, you will have an opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.

## What is Chunking?

Look at this sequence of numbers: 2, 4, 7, 8, 6, 5, 9, 0, 8, 7.

Now close your eyes and repeat them out loud. How many did you remember? Did you get them all right? If you are like most people, you probably were not able to remember those 10 random numbers after only looking at them for a second or two. Remembering 10 digits is not impossible, however. Actually, most of us do it all the time.

So, how can our brain make the transition from a string of 10 random digits to something that we can repeat back with ease? Sometimes, without even realizing it, we use a short-term memory strategy called chunking.

Chunking is one way to make remembering relatively lengthy strings of information a little bit easier. It is particularly useful when we only need to remember something for a short period of time. As its name implies, chunking involves taking long strings of information, like numbers or letters, and grouping (or chunking) them into smaller, more manageable bits of information. So, if you broke that 10 digit string down into smaller chunks, you would only have to remember 2 groups of 3 digits and one group of 4 digits. This method is much easier than remembering a long string of 10 digits.

## Everyday Examples of Chunking

Let's look at a couple of examples that demonstrate how chunking can be used in everyday scenarios to improve our short-term memory.

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