Cinder Cone Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:00 What Is A Cinder Cone Volcano?
  • 0:40 Cinder Cone Formation
  • 1:05 Famous Cinder Cones
  • 2:00 Cinder Cone Hazards
  • 2:15 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Lauren Scott

Lauren has a Master's degree in special education and has taught for more than 10 years.

This lesson will teach you about cinder cone volcanoes, and what sets them apart from other types of volcanoes. You will learn how they form, and will also learn about some well-known cinder cones.

What Is a Cinder Cone Volcano?

Could you imagine working in a yard or field and suddenly the ground swells up next to you? How about if that bulge broke open, and started spewing hot gases and lava into the air? It sounds too scary to be true, but this has actually happened! If you were around to see it, you would be witnessing the birth of a cinder cone volcano.

Cinder cone volcanoes are the smallest type of volcano. They are rarely more than 1,000 feet tall. Cinder cone volcanoes often form on the surface of larger volcanoes, creating a very active surface. They usually do not erupt for very long.

Cinder Cone Formation

Cinder cone volcanoes form when molten rock, called magma, pushes through a single opening in the Earth's surface. Once the magma has left the ground, it is called lava. Lava shoots out of the ground, falls around the opening, and then cools. The cooled pieces of lava are called cinders. The cinders pile up to form a hill with an opening, called a crater, in the center.

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