Class Discussion: Activities & Ideas

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  • 0:01 Importance
  • 0:55 Challenges
  • 1:46 Activities
  • 4:08 Alternatives
  • 5:23 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Esther Bouchillon

Esther has taught middle school and has a master's degree in gifted education.

In this lesson, we will discuss the importance of class discussions. We will also review several different types of class discussion activities that are appropriate for a variety of grade levels and subjects.


Imagine what would happen if the board of directors for a company didn't know how to communicate effectively. Picture a team of writers for a television show that had no idea how to listen to each other's opinions. Put yourself in a senate subcommittee where none of the senators knew how to clearly articulate whether they agree or disagree with a concept. All of these situations would be horrible!

Nothing can get done in a group if people do not know how to communicate effectively. Class discussions are an excellent way to accomplish this skill. Sometimes teachers can get so caught up in covering the curriculum that they push aside some of these vital tools. Knowing the specifics of photosynthesis or the themes of an Emily Dickinson poem may not be necessary for many students' future careers, but talking and collaborating with other people certainly will. Of course, curriculum must be taught, but class discussions are excellent methods to introduce or reinforce material.


There are several challenges to having a class discussion. Simply posing a question and calling on different students to answer can get boring. Some students may also be uncomfortable with talking in a group, especially if the question involves their opinion or is more than a quick, one sentence answer.

Another issue with class discussions is that sometimes multiple students want to talk at once. This is especially true with elementary students. Using a talking ball or talking stick can help with this. Only the person with the object can talk, and then the object is thrown or passed to the next person.

With traditional class discussions, only a few students are actively participating per question and students are required to sit for long periods of time. Good teachers know that students cannot concentrate well during long periods of inactivity; they tend to lose focus and may even begin to behave poorly.


Using different activities can make discussions enjoyable and feel more like games for students.

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