Colombia Lesson for Kids: Facts & History

Instructor: Lindsey Hays

Lindsey has taught Elementary Education, Spanish immersion, and ESL. She has a MS in Elementary Education with a BA in Spanish.

From the colibri to the tree frogs, Colombia is rich in plant and animal life. In this lesson, we'll look at how the rainforests and tropical climate make Colombia such a beautiful South American country to study.

Republic of Colombia

Where would you rather visit: the rain forest, the beach, or the mountains? If you visit Colombia, you can see them all! Colombia is a South American country with some of the richest plant and animal life, mostly due to its abundant jungles inland. But that's not all it has! Colombia's beaches and mountains give it a varied terrain that boasts of beauty.

Let's look at some interesting facts about Colombia, and also explore its culture and history.

Interesting Facts

Colombia is named for Christopher Columbus. It is located on the Northwest coast of South America, bordered by Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. The capital of Colombia is the busy city of Bogota.

Map of Colombia

Colombia has beautiful, tropical rainforests. It is known for its jungle wildlife, with animals like the toucan and other tropical birds; the colibri, a colorful hummingbird; butterflies; and various forms of tree frogs and other amphibians.

The country has a tropical climate and also includes some mountains inland with a coast on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Colombia has a rainy season and a dry season.

Colombia is home to beautiful flowers such as the orchid, and the country exports their flowers for income. Other exports in Colombia are coffee, emeralds, and bananas.


The main language of Colombia is Spanish. But like many South American countries, there are native languages as well.

The most popular sport in Colombia is soccer. The culture in Colombia includes folkloric dancing, music and colorful dresses, many with indigenous influences. Some Colombian cities have brightly-painted buildings. People sell tropical fruit in markets along the streets.

Cartagena, a beautiful Colombian city.


One of the oldest civilizations in Colombia is the Chibcha, which later became the Muisca. In 1550, African slave trade began in the country.

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