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Comer Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

Instructor: Yolanda Reinoso Barzallo

Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.

''Comer'' means 'to eat' and since eating is a vital everyday need, it is no surprise how much we use this verb. This lesson gives you the present tense and command conjugation.

Delicious Food

The Spanish-speaking world is full of delicious dishes that are part of the culture. Since we are going to learn to conjugate the verb comer, which means 'to eat', we might as well use some traditional dishes to make this lesson a delicious one.

To do that, we are going to meet some Spanish speakers who can tell us what dishes they eat frequently.

First we'll look at a table to learn the present tense conjugation, followed by some practical sentences. Then we have the same to learn the command form. Both tables include a pronunciation guide with the most stressed syllable in capitals. Comer is a regular verb and, thus, it has the same endings as other verbs ending in er in the present and command tenses. Let's go to it!

Present Tense Conjugation and Uses

VERB: Comer (koh-MEHR): Present Tense

Subject Pronoun Comer Conjugation Pronunciation Translation
yo como KOH-moh I eat
comes KOH-mehs you (informal, singular) eat
él/ella/usted come KOH-meh he/she eats, you (formal, singular) eat
nosotros/nosotras comemos koh-MEH-mohs we eat
vosotros/vosotras coméis koh-MEH-ess you (informal, plural) eat
ellos/ellas/ustedes comen KOH-mehn they/you (formal, plural) eat

We use the present tense conjugation to talk about what we eat at the present moment. For example, let's see what Eduardo is eating at the moment. He is in Mexico City:

Eduardo come tacos.
mex

  • Eduardo come tacos. (Eduardo eats tacos)

We also use the present tense to talk about what we eat with regular frequency or what we never eat. For example, let's see what Spanish dessert Fernanda eats frequently. She tells us herself:

  • Yo como flan de coco dos veces por semana. (I eat coconut flan twice a week).

Let's take a look at this short conversation between Ana, who is from Spain, and Cristina, who is from Perú.

Ana: ¿Qué plato tradicional comen los peruanos? (What traditional dish do Peruvians eat?)

Cristina: Nosotros comemos ceviche. Y, ¿Qué plato tradicional de España comes tú? (We eat cebiche. And, what traditional dish from Spain do you eat?)

Ana: Yo como mucha paella. (I eat a lot of paella)

A quick cultural note: cebiche is a seafood salad with a natural tomato sauce. Paella is rice with seafood.

Command Tense Conjugation and Uses

As its name indicates, the command tense serves to tell someone to eat something. As you'll see in the table, the subject pronouns are in parentheses. The reason is that when you command, you don't use the subject pronoun. Thus, subject pronouns are in the table only so you know what conjugation goes with each pronoun.

VERB: Comer (KOH-mehr): Command Tense

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