Community-Based Corrections: Programs & Types

Instructor: Jessica Schubert

Jessica is a practicing attorney and has taught law and has a J.D. and LL.M.

Learn what constitutes community-based corrections programs and discover why there was an increase in these programs in the 1960's. Examine the different types of community-based corrections programs and gain a thorough understanding of these programs.

Community-Based Corrections Programs

Many years ago, Elvis Presley sang the famous song 'Jailhouse Rock.' These days, he might be singing a different tune, as community-based corrections has become a prevalent option for prisoners in the United States.

During the 1960's, prison overcrowding started to become a national problem. As a result, there was an increase in community-based corrections (also referred to as deinstitutionalization or decarceration). Under community-based corrections, numerous programs are utilized in order to place offenders into the community to serve their sentences.

These offenders are typically non-violent, low-level criminals. The idea behind community-based corrections is that successful rehabilitation of offenders can only occur in the real world. Moreover, the policy behind community corrections is that offenders will subsequently return to the real world, so it is appropriate to try and provide rehabilitation in the community.

Types

There are various types of community-based corrections programs, a few of which are listed below.

Halfway Houses

Halfway houses are usually residential treatment facilities where offenders reside. Typically, offenders travel to and from the residence to work. Moreover, the residence usually has a supervisor and counselors on staff. Generally, halfway houses permit individuals who either are in the process of a gradual release from prison or have been given a pre-incarceration chance to stay out of prison.

Work-Release Programs

Work-release programs allow offenders who are in prison to leave the prison during the day to attend a job in the community. In the evening, the offender must return back to the prison. Furthermore, some work-release programs allow for study release, which enables offenders to attend college or technical school.

House Arrest

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