Comparative Anatomy Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan may be used to help students learn about comparative anatomy. Students will learn how scientists evaluate the evolution of animals by examining similarities in anatomical structure.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson on comparative anatomy, students will be able to:

  • Ask and answer questions about anatomical structures of animals.
  • Use domain-specific language to discuss the evolution of animals.
  • Differentiate between types of anatomical structures.


90 minutes

Common Core Curriculum Standards


Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.


Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.


  • analogous
  • ancestor
  • biodiversity
  • comparative anatomy
  • convergent evolution
  • evolution
  • genes
  • homologous
  • inherit
  • vestigial structure

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