Computer Hardware Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

Students will explore internal and external computer hardware in this lesson and have fun playing an identification game. They will watch a video, participate in discussion questions, complete an activity, and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • distinguish between computer hardware and software
  • discuss the purpose of each hardware part
  • identify internal and external computer hardware parts


60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.1

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2

Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3

Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.


  • Hard copies of the What is Computer Hardware? - Components, Definition & Examples lesson
  • Computer with internet connectivity and projection capability
  • Find pictures of the hardware below and paste each on a slide in presentation software:
    • laptop
    • desktop
    • computer case
    • tower
    • power supply unit
    • motherboard
    • central processing unit
    • main memory
    • expansions slots
    • internal hard disk drive
    • mass storage device
    • optical disk drive
    • keyboard
    • mouse
    • monitor


  • Begin the lesson asking students to identify computer hardware they see in the classroom.
  • Allow students to share their findings.
  • Then explain that this lesson explores internal and external computer hardware in detail.
  • Distribute a copy of the What is Computer Hardware? - Components, Definition & Examples lesson, play the video, pause at 01:27, then start the following discussion:
    • What is the difference between hardware and software?
    • Identify tasks that would be easier to perform on a desktop.
    • Discuss at least three instances where using a laptop might be more beneficial than a desktop.
  • Now, restart the video, play until the end, then pose the following:
    • What is the purpose of the computer case?
    • How is the tower different from a computer case?
    • Identify the parts in the computer case.
    • What is the purpose of the fan?
    • Describe computer input devices and discuss which ones you use regularly.
  • Afterward, show the lesson quiz and allow students to complete independently, in pairs or groups.
  • Then review the answers.

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