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Concluding Paragraph: Examples & Format

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  • 0:02 What Is a Concluding…
  • 0:31 Summary Concluding Paragraph
  • 1:25 Main Idea Concluding Paragraph
  • 2:06 Solution Concluding Paragraph
  • 3:22 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Michelle Herrin

Michelle has taught high school and college English and has master's degrees in eduation and liberal studies.

A concluding paragraph is an important part of an academic essay. There are several different kinds of concluding paragraphs, and we'll learn about the most common examples in this lesson.

What Is a Concluding Paragraph?

A concluding paragraph is the last paragraph in an academic essay and generally summarizes the essay, presents the main idea of the essay, or gives an overall solution to a problem or argument given in the essay. The type of concluding paragraph will depend on the assignment. Let's look at some examples for an essay on the topic of making the sale of soda illegal in Minnesota. We'll go through sample concluding paragraphs for each type of paragraph we'll talk about here.

Summary Concluding Paragraph

Our first type of concluding paragraph is the summary concluding paragraph. This kind of concluding paragraph will do three things: First, it will restate the thesis statement (the main idea) of the essay to emphasize the main point; next, it will outline the main points of the essay; finally, it will leave the reader with a moral or lesson of some kind related to the topic. In this kind of concluding paragraph, you don't present any new information.

A summary concluding paragraph related to our hypothetical proposal might look like this:

The Minnesota State Legislature should make the sale of soda illegal. The sale of soda is contributing to the obesity epidemic in our state. By making the sale of soda illegal, childhood obesity will decrease, and, as a result, the occurrence of adult diabetes and other health complications will also decrease. We have to ask ourselves: Are we what we drink?

Main Idea Concluding Paragraph

A main idea concluding paragraph presents the thesis statement of the essay. In this kind of essay, the thesis statement isn't presented in the introduction but appears only in the concluding paragraph. This could also be called a deductive conclusion because it presents the conclusion or main idea that the entire essay has proven.

For our imaginary scenario, a main idea concluding paragraph might look like the following:

This essay has shown that soda consumption in Minnesota is at an all-time high. We also looked at the link between soda consumption, obesity, and health complications like diabetes and heart disease. In the end, it is clear that soda consumption should be made illegal in Minnesota by the State Legislature.

Solution Concluding Paragraph

Our final type of paragraph is a solution concluding paragraph. In this kind of paragraph, a solution to a problem is presented. This is a common concluding paragraph for some kinds of argument essays or proposals. In this concluding paragraph, you'll explain the solution, how it is feasible, and who will implement it. A feasible solution is one that is actually possible and able to be mandated by law. You'll also address any objections your opponent might have to your solution.

Our final sample paragraph could go something like this:

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