Copyright

Conjugating Regular -ER & -IR Verbs in the Preterite in Spanish

Conjugating Regular -ER & -IR Verbs in the Preterite in Spanish
Coming up next: Irregular Preterite Verbs in Spanish

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 Preterit Tense
  • 0:35 Regular ER & IR Verbs
  • 5:05 The Verb Ver
  • 5:54 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Pablo Serna

Pablo has taught college Spanish at the University of Missouri and Central Methodist University, and has a master's degree in Spanish literature.

In this lesson, you will learn how to conjugate regular -ER, and -IR verbs in Spanish to be able to describe situations in the past that are seen by the speaker as completed, or that describe a chain of actions in the past.

Preterit Tense

The preterit in Spanish describes actions, situations, and events that are seen by the speaker as completed and regularly have a specific time frame, beginning or end, or talks about a chain of events in the past.

There are some expressions that give us a context about the past, such as ayer (yesterday), la semana pasada (last week), and hace 3 años (three years ago).

Regular -ER and -IR Verbs

To form the verbs that are regular in the preterit, we remove the -ER or -IR part of the verb and add the endings -í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -isteis and -ieron. The yo and él/ella/usted verbs in the preterit tense have accents marks.

As you can see, we used the regular verb 'comer', we took out the -ER part and we use the stem 'com' + 'í' for the yo form. Yo comí.

These are some -ER and -IR verbs conjugated with other subjects:

Beber (to drink) Correr (to run) Vivir (to live) Salir (to leave/to go out)
Yo bebí Él corrió Vosotros vivisteis Ellos salieron
Tú bebiste Nosotros corrimos Ellos vivieron Ustedes salieron

When we conjugate an -IR verb in the preterit using the nosotros form, notice that it has the same form as the present tense, just like the -AR verbs. Taking the context of the situation into consideration, we will know what tense the speaker is using.

Some examples are:

  • Ayer nosotros escribimos 3 páginas completas del ensayo.

Yesterday we wrote 3 full pages of the essay.

  • Nosotros escribimos un libro cada año.

We write a book each year.

Here we have some examples of -ER and -IR verbs in the preterit:

  • Nosotros corrimos en el maratón el año pasado.

We ran the marathon last year.

  • Bebimos mucha agua para la sed.

We drank a lot of water for the thirst.

  • Tú aprendiste la lección de química.

You learned the chemistry lesson.

  • Yo leí el libro de 'Don Quijote de La Mancha' hace un mes.

I read the book Don Quijote de La Mancha a month ago.

  • Compartiste tu fortuna.

You shared your fortune.

  • Él abrió su carro.

He opened his car.

  • Ocurrieron muchos desastres naturales.

A lot of natural disasters occurred.

Also, the preterit is used to talk about a chain of actions in the past:

  • Juanita escribió un libro, lo vendió a la casa editorial y ganó mucho dinero. (Juanita wrote a book, sold it to the publishing company and earned a lot of money.)

Let's practice! Let's look at the pictures and complete the sentences before I do:


Man and tacos


Yo comí (comer) tacos el martes. (I ate tacos on Tuesday.)


Person studying


To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support