Conjugation of Regular -AR Verbs in Spanish

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Danielle Geary

Danielle teaches at the Georgia Institute of Technology. She holds a Doctor of Education with research concentration in Study Abroad and Foreign Language Acquisition.

Hablar, estudiar, usar, bailar... I bet you can guess why we call them '-ar verbs.' Master the six -ar endings and learn how to conjugate and put sentences together in this lesson. Updated: 05/13/2021

-AR Verbs

Hablar, estudiar, usar, bailar, practicar, enseñar, trabajar, necesitar… These are -ar verbs, and I bet you can guess why we call them that! In Spanish, there are three kinds of verbs: -ar, -er, and -ir, all of which are the 'to' part of the verb. Vamos! Let's learn how to conjugate -ar verbs!

hablar - to talk

estudiar - to study

usar - to use

bailar - to dance

practicar - to practice

enseñar - to teach

trabajar - to work

necesitar - to need

So, we know how to say…. To talk! To study! To practice! But that's not how we communicate. In order to converse, we need to conjugate the verb. Let's break one down in English and then in Spanish.

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  • 0:05 -Ar Verbs
  • 1:02 Conjugating -Ar Verbs
  • 2:37 Two Things to Remember
  • 3:42 More Conjugations
  • 5:05 Lesson Summary
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Conjugating -AR Verbs

The five conjugations of the English verb 'to talk' are:

Singular Plural
I talk We talk
You talk
He/she/it talks They talk/you guys talk

Note that the left side of the chart is singular and the right side is plural.

Now it's time to conjugate in Spanish! Hablar means 'to talk,' so this is the verb we need. The first thing we do is remove the -ar from the end:

'Hablar' becomes 'habl-,' which is our stem.

Now we need our -ar endings. What are they? They are:

Singular Plural
-o -amos
-a -an

And note, again, how I've written them. The three on the left are singular and two on the right are plural.

Singular Plural
hablo (I talk) hablamos (we talk)
hablas (you familiar talk)
habla (He, she, it talks/you formal talk) hablan (they talk/you guys talk)

habláis (you informal talk) (you guys talk)

These are the six conjugations of the verb 'hablar.' Yea! We conjugated a verb, which is a very big deal if you want to converse in Spanish. Just note that the form áis is only used for 'you informal' (vosotros), which is only used in Spain, not in Latin America.

Now let's look at something very important. Let's compare the English chart to the Spanish, side by side:

English Spanish
I talk we talk hablo hablamos
You talk hablas
He/she/it talks they talk habla hablan

Two Things to Remember

There are two things we must keep in mind in order to understand present tense Spanish verbs:

1.) Each Spanish conjugation is two words in one in English, and this works just fine for Spanish speakers because each conjugation is different. We can't do this in English because our conjugations overlap. Of our five conjugations, there are only two different words: 'talk' and 'talks.' So we have to use our subject pronouns (I, you, he, etc.) all the time in order to describe and follow the conversation. In Spanish, this is not necessary, so Hispanics normally use subject pronouns only for emphasis or clarity when needed.

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