Consequences of Migration

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  • 0:04 Migration
  • 0:33 Consequences to the Country
  • 2:21 Consequences for…
  • 3:43 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson explores many of the potential advantages and disadvantages of migration, as seen from the perspectives of the country losing the migrants and the one gaining them.


Today, we're going to meet Anders. Anders is an immigrant to the U.S. He emigrated from his home country in order to seek a better life. He is one of millions of people around the world who move from one country to another for various economic, political, social, and religious reasons. This lesson is going to explore the consequences of migration as Anders sees them in America. However, some of these points may be more applicable to other nations and their particular circumstances with respect to the migration of people.

Consequences to the Country

Anders came to the U.S. not all that long ago. He tells us that one of the social problems he has encountered is racial and ethnic tension. People see him as an outsider in terms of his skin color, his cultural traditions, and much more. He tries not to let this affect him, but one of the things he constantly hears from some politicians on TV is that it's because of immigrants like him that Americans lose jobs. However, he argues that he simply fills jobs, especially unskilled jobs, which are jobs that require no skills or experience and which Americans are typically unwilling to fill. This is largely because of the low wages that they and he would earn doing this job.

This brings Anders to another point. Because he can't gain a more highly skilled job (his particular foreign education doesn't count for much in the U.S.), he and others like him may strain social services like affordable housing and welfare. Immigrants, namely those moving from one developing nation to another developing nation, can also easily spread diseases if they are not properly screened.

Of course, Anders also knows there are many advantages that America is reaping from immigrants besides a workforce prepared to perform cheap labor. First, some immigrants that come to the U.S. are highly skilled and sought after. They add many important ideas to the workforce. These ideas help create jobs and improve the economy. Secondly, immigrants offer cultural diversity. If you think that's not important, then think about the various ethnic restaurants Americans enjoy, like Thai, Chinese, Mexican, and Indian food. And don't forget about the spread of various languages Americans love to learn, like Spanish, thanks, in part, to immigrants. Immigrants like Anders can also play an important role in swaying political elections. America's important minorities, like Latin Americans, are highly coveted by both political parties and thus help influence public policy in the country.

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