Consequences of the French & Indian War: Lesson for Kids

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Andrea Miller

Andrea is currently a social studies middle school and high school world teacher in Ohio. She has been a part of the teaching community for 9 years. She has a BA in history from Wright State University, as well as a MEd in education from the University of Dayton. In the education field, Andrea has taught workshops including OGT Success and Writing for Life. Andrea has also been a middle school debate team coach for several years. In the history field, Andrea is currently working towards a Public History Certification in Archival Studies at Wright State University.

The consequences of the French & Indian War were far-reaching. Identify the causes of the war and then examine the aftermath, including Britain's attempt to get the colonists to pay for war debts, which encouraged seeds of revolution to grow. Updated: 01/04/2022

French & Indian War Background

Have you ever had an argument with a friend or sibling? Did that argument ever get bad enough that other people got upset, too?

Some say this was the case for the British after the French and Indian War. Also called the Seven Years War, the French and Indian War took place from 1754 to 1763, and it was fought between the French and the British over territory in North America. The war caused devastating effects for the British, such as immense debt and resistance from their American colonies.

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  • 0:04 French & Indian War Background
  • 0:31 The War Begins
  • 1:00 The War Expands
  • 1:32 The War Causes Debt
  • 2:13 Lesson Summary
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The War Begins

In the mid-1700s, the North American continent was divided into territories that were owned by various European countries. France owned a large piece of the middle, while Britain owned territory along the east coast. The British territory was called the Thirteen Colonies. A colony is a piece of land owned by a country somewhere else.

The Thirteen Colonies were beginning to grow larger than intended. Over time, the colonists began moving into the Ohio Valley, which was French territory. Soon, the French and the British were at war.

The War Expands

Once the French and Indian War had begun, the British needed soldiers to fight in the war. They turned to the American colonies and ordered the people there to fight. However, because of the physical distance between Britain and the colonies, the Americans had been operating on their own for quite some time.

For roughly 100 years, the colonies had been growing and developing on their own, and they did not feel like a part of Britain. As a result, they had a hard time feeling comfortable putting their life on the line for a British war. The growing disconnect actually led to the colonists feeling as though they would like to create their own nation.

The War Causes Debt

War can be a very expensive endeavor, and British debt after the French and Indian War was large. The costs for supplies, troops, and provisions piled up.

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